The Power Of History – The History Of Power. Volume 3. Issue 3. (№9)

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Content

 
THE HISTORY OF RUSSIAN CIVILIZATION
 
Boltenkova L.F. Formation of Moscow as the political center of Russia
278
Naumova G.R. Ways of studying Russian statehood
292
Shuplenkov O.V. Slavic population of the North Caucasus: culture and way of life
303
 
HISTORY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND LAW
 
Smirnova M.I. The State and the Orthodox Church in the Soviet Period
313
Yudin V.I. Nordic countries and the Sami: unresolved problems and contradictions
339
 
FACTS. EVENTS. PEOPLE.
 
Solodova N.V. Missionary activity of the Russian Orthodox Church in Kamchatka in the late XVII - early XX centuries
358
Solodkin Y.G. To the question of the ancestors of the “dynasties” of the Berezovsky Cossacks
369
Ivakin G.A. Right monarchists and the beginning of the Duma monarchy in 1906-1917
380
 
DOCUMENTARY SOURCES
 
Peter's Military Regulations at 1716
395
General Regulations of Colleges at 1720
403
 
Abstracts
 
410
Authors
414
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
Deputy. Chief Editor and Project Manager: 
Rybakov S.V., Doctor of historical sciences, professor of the history of Russian Ural Federal University.
 
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, Head of the Department of national and federative relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Ivakin G.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Expert.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Varsonofiev V.V., Candidate of Political Science, Military expert.
Chapkin S.V., Honorary Academician, President of the “Academy of Ecology and Law”.
Dannenberg A.N., Doctor of Philosophical Science, Associate Professor of Church-State Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Candidate of Historical Sciences.
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Gaiduk V.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor.
Vrajnova M.N., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University (MADI).
Tihonov A.K., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of History, Archeology and Local History of the Humanitarian Institute of the Vladimir State University, chairman of the Union of Local History of the Vladimir region.
Konuchenko A.I., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of Russia and foreign countries of Chelyabinsk State University.
Honali Kurbonzoda, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Rector of the "National Institute of professional development and training of educators".
 
 
Abstracts
Boltenkova L.F.
Formation of Moscow as the political center of Russia
One of the key prerequisites for the formation of a centralized Russian state was the policy of the first Moscow princes, aimed at elevating Moscow and turning it into the main religious and political center of Russia. The presented article traces the main stages of the change in the status of Moscow, gradually from a provincial town transformed into a major metropolitan city. It tells about the role played by princes Daniil Alexandrovich in this process. Yuri Danilovich, Ivan Kalita, Simeon Proud, Ivan II, Dmitry Donskoy. The significance of the relations of the Russian princes with the Golden Horde and the Russian Orthodox Church is underlined.
Keywords: Russian princedoms, Moscow princes, a policy of gathering land around Moscow, the Russian Church, Golden Horde.
 
Naumova G.R.
Ways of studying Russian statehood
The article deals with the questions of the study of Russian statehood. They are discussed in the historiografical key. In the center of the narrative is analysis of the methodology of N. Karamzin. Identifies some of its essential features. The author emphasizes the relevance of the many approaches of an outstanding Russian historian to study the history of the motherland, concludes the relevance of many of them in relation to the study of the history of modern Russia.
Keywords: N. Karamzin, «History of the Russian State», Russian statehood, method, historiography, source study, relevance.
 
Shuplenkov O.V.
Slavic population of the North Caucasus: culture and way of life
The article is devoted to the culture and way of life of the Russian population, who lived in the North Caucasus during the times of Kievan Rus. The article also touches upon the development of trade and cultural ties of Ancient Rus with the peoples of the North Caucasus. It is emphasized that the Russian colony in Tmutarakan was of special importance in strengthening these ties, which in the 11th-12th centuries was “the center in which the most lively and lively intercourse of Russia was associated with neighboring Caucasian and Turkic peoples.” It is shown that in the subsequent centuries the development of the diverse ties of Russians with the non-Slavic population of the Caucasus was carried out mainly thanks to Grebensky and Terek Cossacks.
Keywords: Russia, Northern Caucasus, Tmutarakan principality, Grebenskoe and Terek Cossacks, cultural and domestic ties of Russians and nationalities of the North Caucasus.
 
Smirnova M.I.
The State and the Orthodox Church in the Soviet Period
In the Soviet period, relations between the state and the Church were complex. The decision taken on January 20, 1918 by the Council of People’s Commissars to separate the Church from the state did not mean a neutral attitude of the Bolsheviks towards the Russian Orthodox Church. Their policy was aimed at the complete eradication of religion. In practice, this policy resulted in a massive attack on the rights of the Church and believers. During the period of war communism, terror against the Church unfolded. The pressure of Bolshevik power on church organizations continued during the NEP.
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church, the Council of People’s Commissars, the separation of the Church from the state, the anti-church policy of Bolshevik power.
 
Yudin V.I.
Nordic countries and the Sami: unresolved problems and contradictions
The article analyzes the relationship between the Sami people and the governments of Sweden, Norway and Finland. It is stated that in these relationships, despite external well-being, there are a number of unresolved problems. This concerns the right of the Sami, divided by state borders, to self-determination and to the management of their own territories. The most acute problem is the recognition of Sami rights to land and natural, including - and marine, resources. As the author notes, there continues to be a threat to the places of residence of the Sami and their way of life. The carriers of such a threat are, first of all, oil producing and logging companies.
Keywords: Sweden, Norway, Finland, the Sami, Sami rights to land and natural resources.
 
Solodova N.V.
Missionary activity of the Russian Orthodox Church in Kamchatka in the late XVII - early XX centuries
In development of the severe peninsula the special role belongs to the Orthodox Church. At the end of the 17th century to Kamchatka with the first groups of the Yakut Cossacks there arrived the priests who bore to the local population not only orthodox belief, but also the literacy.
Noticeable contribution to the history of the peninsula was made by the Kamchatka Spiritual mission of 1745 - 1750, headed by the archimandrite Ioasaf Hotuntsevskiy who promoted construction of churches, if the first church (Nikolskaya) has been put in 1713, then by the beginning of the 20th century on Kamchatka there were already 70 temples and chapels. The mission opened schools for the children, carried out big missionary work and successfully turned the locals into Orthodoxy.
After establishment of the Soviet power, in the territory of Kamchatka the Decree about disestablishment has been enacted. All temples have been destroyed or were used for the other designated purpose (clubs, storages) and there has come the period of atheistic promotion.
The present article reflects the history of missionary activity of the Russian Orthodox Church in Kamchatka at the end of XVII – the beginning of the 20th centuries.
Keywords: Orthodoxy, Russian Orthodox Church, missionary activity, priests, Kamchatka Spiritual mission, Archimandrite Martinian, Stefan Nikiforov founder of the whole branch of the Kamchatka clergy, Georg Wilhelm Steller, Archimandrite Ioasaf Hotuntsevskiy, Head of the Kamchatka diocese Nestor, Innokentiy Veniaminov Kamchatka archbishop.
 
Solodkin Y.G.
To the question of the ancestors of the «dynasties» of the Berezovsky Cossacks
The descendants of many Berezov atamans and Cossacks of the first decades of its existence subsequently carried there service (as in Tomsk, Yeniseisk, Tobolsk, Yakutsk), sometimes even in the 18th century. Among these atamans and Cossacks there are, in particular, the Argunovs, Likhachevs, Kokoulins, Torlopovs, Fofanovs, Shakhovs who, as well as their sons, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and other relatives (sometimes become boyar children, who served as an aristocracy in Asia) Played an important role in the development of the north of Western Siberia, especially the Yenisei region, and the consolidation of the vast territory of the Berezovsky uyezd and neighboring lands for the Moscow state.
Keywords: Berezov, garrison, atamans, Cossacks, boyar children, service “dynasties”, functions, Berezovsky, atamans, Cossacks.
 
Ivakin G.A.
Right monarchists and the beginning of the Duma monarchy in 1906-1917
The processes of political transformation in Russia that began at the beginning of the 20th century brought to life various socio-political associations. A wide and representative range of political forces has developed. His right flank was represented by monarchists. The role and significance of the right-monarchist organizations in the political system of the Russian Empire, which took shape after the events of 1905, and their place in the bodies of the legislative power are comprehensively covered in the proposed article.
Keywords: political system of the Russian Empire, right-wing parties, monarchists, the State Council, the State Duma, the legislative process.
 
 
Authors
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ivakin G.A., The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, management of educational policy, Deputy Head, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of National Security.
Naumova G.R., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Shuplenkov O.V., Associate Professor of history, law and social sciences, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute.
Smirnova M.I., Candidate of Political Sciences.
Solodkin Y.G., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian History Department, Head of the Research Laboratory for Regional Historical Studies at Nizhnevartovsk State University.
Solodova N.V., Graduate Student of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Yudin V.I., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.