Etnosocium №8 (182) 2023




Savelyev V.V. The concepts of "cultural-national" and "national- cultural" in Russian legislation
Stroikov V.A. Problems and prospects of development of interethnic relations in Russian society at the present stage
Letunovsky P.V. On the question of Political Education in Modern Russia: experience and prospects
Mikhailova N.V., Savushkin D.S. Africa: Russia's place in continental competition
Ren Shanshan, Oyan Meihe The role of the phonetic transcription system - pinyin - in the study of new characters by students of the initial level of the Chinese language from the Russian-speaking environment
Lu Xuantong Development of cultural exchanges between Russia and China in the Volga-Yangtze format (2013-2023)
Baranova Yu.V. Economic cooperation between Russia and Saudi Arabia at the present stage
Gao Chunyu, Qiao Yu, Gao Yan Cultivating the soul by Chinese traditional culture. Research on Chinese excellent traditional culture in Chinese college education
Leonova A.A. Military and political cooperation of the USA and Japan: formation and development
Polonchuk R.A. Prospects for China's military-political presence in the Arctic
Bormotova T.M., Ilyin A.E., Makarov V.V. Factors and conditions of women's service in the police
Trukhin A.S., Lesovik R.V., Guskova I.V. To the issue of prospects for the normalization of relations of the federal authorities of Iraq with the Kurdish autonomous region
Mikhailov V.A. Review of the monograph by S.V. Biryukov "Ethnopolitics and nation-building: historical experience and modern approaches"
Russia's foreign policy in the context of the transformation of the world order
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"



Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Member of the Council for Interethnic Relations under the President of the Russian Federation, Member of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher of the Center for Scientific Cooperation with Public Organizations, Mass Media and Government Authorities of the IEA named after N.N. Miklukho-Maclay RAS.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
Yudina T.N., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor. Chief researcher at the Institute of Demographic Research of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Management, Belgorod State Technological University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Yudin V.I., Doctor of Political Sciences, international expert.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.




Rybakov S.V.
About some lines of formation and development of political science

The article notes some meaningful stages in the formation of political science. It is pointed out that, despite the fact that this branch of knowledge appeared in ancient times, its formation stretched for many centuries: the development of an integral view of political activity was hindered by the cultural and mental characteristics of different countries. It is shown how the presence of these features influenced the formation of approaches to the development of political science in France, the USA, Great Britain and Germany. It is said that purposeful efforts to overcome discrepancies in the interpretation of the subject, goals and methods of political science began to be undertaken after the end of World War II. A certain effectiveness of these measures is emphasized. At the same time, however, it is stated that these measures have not yet been able to completely subordinate political research to uniform schemes and rules.

Keywords: political science, formation, development, national characteristics, integration.

Gryadunov Yu.Yu.
The concept and main directions of the development of state policy to strengthen traditional ideological values among the population of Russia

In the era of widespread globalization, the world has faced the rejection of traditional values, and the transition of some countries to a new format of neoliberal development, in which the understanding of this phenomenon is interpreted in different contexts. People begin to perceive the world differently, due to the imposition of ideological concepts on them, as a result of which values that exclude the family, the state, and the person as the main participant in public relations come out in the first place. In this regard, it is particularly important to develop a state policy to strengthen traditional values among the population of the country, since this factor contributes to the formation of a stable, socially stable society aimed at the development of its own country, committed to its interests and identity. Traditional values are built on the history of the state, which determines the type of people's life activity aimed at developing and improving the quality of living in the country. This article is aimed at researching the main directions of public policy formation in this context, with the aim of which the basic concepts of traditional values in the world, concepts that are characteristic of the modern stage of time, are studied. At the same time, it is concluded that it is traditional values that are the basis for the worldview and stability of the development of any state, since they take into account the needs and capabilities of a person inherent in him at the biological level.

Keywords: ideological values, traditions, state, politics, influence, globalization, liberalization.

Galaganova S.G.
Tradition and Archaization in Axiological Dimention

Tradition and archaization are presented here as antagonistically resisting phenomena: while tradition is appreciated as an everlasting source of national experience and vitality, archaization is argued to be an instrument of social regress. The revival of traditional Russian values is comprehended as a potential risk to confuse these two concepts and trends, thus promoting social destruction.

Keywords: tradition, traditional, national tradition, value, axiology, axiological, traditional values, national values, archaic, archaization.

Gaponenko L.B.
Legal basis of the system of socio-economic guarantees of employees of the ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

The purpose of the article is a theoretical and methodological substantiation of the emergence and existence of socio-economic human rights, their constitutional consolidation in modern states. The article describes the specifics of providing socio-economic guarantees to employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia at the present stage, provides a theoretical, regulatory and legal justification for ways to improve the activities of public administration bodies and structures to provide socio-economic guarantees to employees of ministries and departments.

Keywords: system of legal guarantees, social protection, economic incentives, socio-economic rights.

Polonchuk R.A.
US and PRC military doctrines: geopolitical aspects of deterrence in modern conditions

The article analyzes the main provisions of the military doctrines of the two world superpowers: the USA and China. Similarities and differences are shown in approaches to planning and organizing military construction activities, as well as approaches to the analysis and assessment of threats to military security.

Keywords: military policy, armed forces, military development, military planning, reform of the armed forces, China, USA.

Ouyang Meihe,
Sun An,
On the Function of Moral Education of Literature as a Course — taking English Literature course as an example

Literature teaching is not only a process of aesthetics, but also a process of moral education. Although China and the West have different cultural backgrounds, they have a long history and universal recognition of moral education. Chinese and Western literatures not only carry rich cultural connotation, but also contain profound humanistic spirit, which always provide spiritual food and moral pillar for people living in the material world. More attention should be paid to the function of moral education in literature teaching. Literature courses not only promote the improvement of students' language skills, but also carry the function of moral education to students. Therefore, the consciousness of literature teaching for moral education should also be enhanced. To clarify the moral education function of the purpose of literature teaching, pay attention to the moral education connotation of literature teaching content, reform the teaching method of literature courses, and achieve "promoting morality by ability", not only can improve the teaching effect of literature courses, but also can uplift the moral level of students, so as to further their humanistic and comprehensive quality, that is, "promoting ability by morality".

Keywords: literature courses, moral function, promote morality by ability, promote ability by morality.

Boyarskiy P.V.
The impact of German migration policy on the reception of asylum seekers in France after the 2015 European Migration Crisis

In public and political discussions in France, German migration policy, and in particular the policy of refugee reception, is considered to be a good example to follow. However, there are virtually no works comparing the French and German models, although it is worth noting that migration policy, the system of asylum seeker distribution, the organization and outcomes of the asylum procedure, and the various national concepts of integration, despite their similarities, are still marked by strong differences. This article examines the impact of policies towards the above mentioned category in France and Germany (The impact of German migration policy on French migration policy).

Keywords: migration policy, Germany, asylum seeker, refugee, comparative study, France.

Hasanov Elmin Agamusa oglu
International humanitarian law in the context of contemporary challenges

The article talks about the impact of the challenges of the modern era on international humanitarian law. Radical changes in the system of international relations in the conditions of globalization: the increase in the role and influence of non-state actors, the asymmetric application of force as a result of the transformation of armed violence, the narrowing of the sphere of application of international legal norms weaken the role of International Humanitarian Law in the face of the challenges of the modern era.

The urbanization of wars, the constant increase in the number of casualties among the civilian population, the limitation of the opportunities to provide the necessary assistance to the victims of war, and the destructive activities of non-state actors in this direction hinder the effective application of international humanitarian norms. The way out of the problem is to encourage the adaptation of International Humanitarian Law to the new reality.

Keywords: international humanitarian law, modern armed conflicts, urban fighting, ICRC, humanitarian aid.

Zhou Yanyan
Russian-Chinese relations at the beginning of the XXI century: achievements and problems

This work is devoted to the study of Russian-Chinese relations at the beginning of the XXI century. The work is divided into two parts. The first part describes the process of development of relations between the two countries at the beginning of the XXI century, including the development of cooperation between the two countries in various fields: political, cultural, economic, anti-crisis, and the fight against terrorism over the past twenty years. It describes the successes in cooperation that have been achieved over the years by China and Russia. The second part is devoted to the analysis of existing problems in the development of relations between the two countries. Despite the fact that there are many problems in the development of relations between Russia and China, each side tries to find points of interaction and strives for cooperation in order to benefit the people of both countries.

Keywords: international relations, cooperation, Russian-Chinese relations.

Suleymanov A.R.
Eurasian integration in the foreign policy discourse of post-soviet states

The international political discourse has developed a narrow understanding of Eurasian integration that does not meet the national interests of Russia and other CIS member countries. For many post-Soviet states, Eurasian integration is viewed in the context of their interaction with Russia. This aspect is reflected in the models of foreign policies of the countries of the former USSR.

The article presents four models of such policies: nationalist, liberal, pragmatic and neighborly. The author comes to the conclusion that the model of good neighborliness is the most universal and stable for the post-Soviet space. It combines three components: a common historical and cultural experience, geographical proximity and a policy of good neighborliness. The adoption of these components serves as the basis for Eurasian integration, contributes to building communications with neighbors on a priority basis and opens new pages in relation to states.

Keywords: Eurasian integration, foreign policy, discourse, post-soviet space, good neighborliness.

Beglarian G.A.
Kalugina P.P.
Polovinchikova A.V.
Kabysheva A.U.
Spitsbergen in the context of sanctions pressure 2022-2023

The article analyses the impact of the growing crisis in relations between Russia and the West on the politicisation of cooperation issues in the Arctic region. To assess the impact of the international crisis on Arctic co-operation, the article examines the dynamics of Russian-Norwegian relations in the context of co-operation on issues related to the Svalbard archipelago and the main obstacles in this direction. Special emphasis is placed on the negative impact of the new anti-Russian sanctions 2022-2023 on bilateral cooperation on Svalbard.

Keywords: Russian-Norwegian relations, Svalbard, sanctions.

Konev I.V.
Chuev K.G.
Social variables of project activity

This article highlights and discusses the social variables of project management, which are directly related to the relationship between the participants in this process, their interaction. In this group of variables, the following are distinguished: 1) social exchange between participants in project management, 2) a special type of business communication that integrates direct and feedback channels, 3) the style of managing an organization, a team, 4) cumulative responsibility, 5) the dominance of horizontal social ties, 6) matrix form of organizations.

Keywords: cohesion, corporality, teamwork, social exchange, business communication, leadership style, cumulative responsibility, horizontal social ties, matrix form of organization.

Napso M.D.
VR and AR-technologies in educational process

In article the questions connected with application VR and AR-tools in the course of training are investigated. The analysis of concepts VR and AR-technologies is given, their demand in conditions digitalization educations and formations of new type of the person called «digital man» is shown. Character of influence VR and AR-education on used pedagogical and didactic practice is traced, advantages and risks of virtual education come to light.

Keywords: educational process, digital technologies, virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), hybrid reality, gamification, escapism.

Zhang Xiaofei
A comparison of word formation and rhetorical devices in Chinese and Russian online game vocabularies

In recent years, with the development of the network, online game terms are no longer limited to the game circle, most can make themselves known outside of fixed circle and become network buzzwords. These online game terms, which can be called professional terminology, are not created by players out of thin air, but each has its own origin. In this paper, we take the high-frequency vocabulary used by players in Chinese online games as an example, at the same time explore whether there are corresponding equivalent vocabulary in Russian online games, and analyze their ways of word formation and rhetorical devices, so as to understand the linguistic phenomenon in this special field, and to judge whether it can play a certain role in the development of the Chinese and Russian daily language.

Keywords: game vocabulary, origin, word formation, rhetorical devices.

Zhang Xiaoling
Reflections on teaching methods based on the practice of teaching the Russian language at the university - review of the book “Psychology of teaching the Russian language”

Teaching Russian in China differs from teaching Russian as a foreign language in Russia; the differences lie in the subject of study, in the learning environment, and in the ways of organizing educational activities. Russian language teachers must combine different teaching situations, start with the subject of teaching, set different learning objectives and learn effective teaching methods. For Russian language teachers, studying pedagogy is a long process that accompanies them throughout their entire teaching career. The book “Psychology of Teaching the Russian Language” systematically, comprehensively, and from a scientific point of view examines strategies for teaching the Russian language in higher educational institutions and analyzes the essence of the methodology for teaching the Russian language. From the point of view of psychology, this book analyzes in detail how to develop students' motivation, interest and learning abilities, how to reconcile the substantive relationships between the two educational processes - "teaching (learning)" and "learning (perception)", how to achieve in the learning process optimal results.

Keywords: teaching the Russian language, teaching methods, teacher, psychology.

Beglarian G.A., Second-year master's degree students of Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Moscow.
Boyarskiy P.V., Postgraduate Student of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Principal of the MBOU Petrovskaya Secondary School named after the Hero of the Russian Federation D.V. Mezhueva.
Chuev K.G., Candidate of Sociology, сommercial Director of NPC «Belagrogen».
Galaganova S.G., Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Information Analysis and Political Technologies.
Gaponenko L.B., Candidate of Political Sciences, Senior Researcher research department, Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia.
Gasanov Elmin Agamusa oglu, Counselor of Justice. Ministry of Justice, Baku city.
Gryadunov Yu.Yu., Postgraduate student of the Faculty of State and Municipal Administration of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Central Russian Institute of Management – branch (Orel).
Kabysheva A.U., Degree-seeking applicant.
Kalugina P.P., Second-year master's degree students of Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Moscow.
Konev I.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Management, Belgorod State Technological University.
Napso M.D., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of department humanities sciences North-Caucasus State Academy.
Ouyang Meihe
Suleymanov A.R., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of International Relations, History and Oriental Studies Ufa State Petroleum Technical University.
Polonchuk R.A., Candidate of Political Sciences, Doctoral student of the Department of Foreign Policy of Russia, Faculty of National Security of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Polovinchikova A.V., Second-year master's degree students of Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Moscow.
Rybakov S.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Creative Management and Humanities, Ural State University of Economics.
Sun An
Zhang Xiaofei, Master of Foreign Language Institute, Lanzhou University (Lanzhou, China).
Zhang Xiaoling, Associate Professor of the School of languages and cultures, Shanghai University of Political Science and law.
Zhou Yanyan, Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Foreign Languages, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology (China).