Etnosocium №9 (147) 2020

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Komarov S.S. Western criticism of the Russian Orthodox Church in terms of democratic political institutions
9
Maklashova E.G. Specifics of programming of the regional administration for the implementation of state national policy of the Russian Federation: the experience of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
16
 
INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES
 
Avdeev V.S. Distribution of passenger traffic on the example of the transport system of the Moscow Metro
32
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Merzliakov S.S. Russian community of IT specialists as a resource of positive values: problematization of the issue
46
Galaganova S.G. Black spots of green mythology
57
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Okorokova M.P. Youth's perception of the image of the head of municipal education
68
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Adyaeva Z.S., Tsedenov E.N., Mandzhiev A.M., Dertieva A.V. On the foreign political interests of Russia to the countries of Central Asia
76
Sevinj Saday gizi Zeynalova The role of Western theme in ideological – artistic enrichment of realistic Azerbaijani literature (at the turn of XIX-XX century)
84
Kitaev M.Yu., Lidzhieva A.B., Mandzhieva T.G., Bukshurginov M.S. From prospects to realities of Russian - Chinese relations in the economic sphere
91
Klyukin N.D. Donald John Trump's foreign policy
96
Liu Lihui, Miao Hui The relevance of Nikolai Baikov's ecological idea (on the example of "Great Van" by N. Baikov)
104
Tambi S.A. Belarus and the European Union: Erosion of the Eurosceptic Position of Estonian Conservatives?
112
 
Abstracts
 
125
Authors
136
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
139

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Komarov S.S.
Western criticism of the Russian Orthodox Church in terms of democratic political institutions

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, some Western researchers expressed an opinion about the difficulty of adapting democratic political institutions in modern Russia, drawing a “civilizational” border between Orthodoxy and Catholicism. In particular, the Orthodox doctrine, administrative structure of the church and its attitude towards Western liberal-democratic ideas were critically interpreted. However, this statement can not be fully asserted.

Keywords: Orthodoxy, democracy, institutions, church.

 
Maklashova E.G.
Specifics of programming of the regional administration for the implementation of state national policy of the Russian Federation: the experience of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

The purpose of the article: to determine the features of programming administration for the implementation of the state national policy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Research method: content analysis of republican program documents aimed at harmonizing interethnic relations in the period from 2012 to the present day. In the article the key elements (goal, objectives, mechanisms, indicators, financing) of regional programs adopted for the analyzed period, that reflecting the specifics of administration in the republic are compares. The issue of accounting in the process of implementation of the state national policy of civil institutions and local governments is also considered here. The results of the study show that in Yakutia, as a national region, great importance is attached to ethnocultural diversity, as a value of social development, which is a factor of social and economic stability. There is a systematic updating of programs and there is a diversity in the system of goals, objectives and mechanisms, which is due to a number of factors related not only to changes of the ethno-social situation in the region, but also to the needing of correspondent to norms and rules with the federal vector of state national policy and of institutional changes in the public administration system of Yakutia. During the analyzed period, there are two approaches to the administration of interethnic relations related to the priority of the principles of "diversity" and "unity". Today, the programming process is seeking a balance in the system of mechanisms and participants in administration, but there is no bias towards extreme ethno-nationalism in Yakutia. Tacking is observed within the framework of the vector of state national policy of Russia, established by the corresponding Strategy. Moreover, the practice of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) shows that a regional state ethno-national policy has been formed in the region.

Keywords: programming, administration for the implementation of the state national policy, harmonization of interethnic relations, regional state national policy, diversity, unity, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

 
Avdeev V.S.
Distribution of passenger traffic on the example of the transport system of the Moscow Metro

This article proposes a methodology that considers the behavior of a passenger and his movement within the transport system of the Moscow Metro (hereinafter referred to as the metro) in order to optimize its route and to avoid external factors affecting his final arrival time.

Keywords: algorithm, optimization, routes, passengers.

 
Merzliakov S.S.
Russian community of IT specialists as a resource of positive values: problematization of the issue

The study of cultural characteristics of a society in the form of values and models of behavior is one of the most relevant areas of modern economic science. This area of interest of economists is caused by the discovered connection between culture and the economic potential of a society. Modern Economics recognizes that "culture matters" for economic development, and informal institutions can be no less important for the innovation process than formal ones. Research on society as a whole, including the comparison of the socio-cultural profile of societies among themselves, and research on individual social groups are of interest. This article substantiates the relevance of the study of the value characteristics of the Russian IT community. The issue of the article is the possibility of members of the Russian community of IT specialists to be a resource for increasing the level of bridging social capital of the Russian society. The issue of the spread in the studied community of a risk-averse propensity for Russian society as a whole, as an opposition to the propensity to avoid uncertainty, is also problematic. The method used is an analysis of the English-language and Russian-language network communities dedicated to digital technologies. The result of the analysis is to determine the vectors for further research of the Russian IT community, set research tasks and determine promising solutions. In the course of further research, it is necessary to analyze the ratio of value attitudes that are common in Russian society as a whole and value attitudes that are common in the community of Russian IT specialists, and special attention should be paid to the study of the propensity of members of the studied community to avoid uncertainty and risk propensity.

Keywords: institution, value, behavior, social capital, digital economy.

 
Galaganova S.G.
Black spots of green mythology

“Global climate change”, caused by “global anthropogenic factor”, is argued to be the central part of a complex mythologem, called Green Myth. It is presented here as a reaction to the economic transformation of world capitalism and the following social and psychological consequences. The “black spots” of Green Myth are displayed in its evident political trend: the fight against carbon gas emissions and “carbon traces” actually tends to pin ideological basis under green, environmental colonialism.

Keywords: Green Myth, global climate change, carbon gas emissions, carbon trace, global anthropogenic factor, green capitalism, green colonialism.

 
Okorokova M.P.
Youth's perception of the image of the head of municipal education

This article analyzes the peculiarities of the perception of the image of a political leader by the young part of the population. It presents the results of a study aimed at studying the perception of young people about the ideal image of political leadership within the framework of local government as an image of municipal government. The object of the study was the municipal entity “Belletsky Evenk National Nasleg” of the Aldan District of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The influence of socio-political processes at the level of local self-government on the perception of the image of a political leader by young people is analyzed. The factors influencing the formation of the image of a political leader are determined: the youth's assessment of their role and place in the system of public relations, the level of interest in politics and the participation of young people in the political process, the level of youth confidence in the institutions of power. The structural features of the image of the head of a municipal formation as a political leader of local self-government are analyzed.

Keywords: political image, political image, youth, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), political leadership, image of a politician, head of a municipality, regional political leader, political perception, value orientations.

 
Adyaeva Z.S.
Tsedenov E.N.
Mandzhiev A.M.
Dertieva A.V.
On the foreign political interests of Russia to the countries of Central Asia

The essay is based on the analysis of economic, geopolitical and political processes in the Central Asian region. The key place is given to the influence of the Russian Federation in the region of Central Asia. Parallels are drawn between the states of Central Asia in political life, trade, national security. The issue of economic cooperation of the countries of this region with Russia was considered. Of course, the Central Asian region is no longer peripheral and is actively involved in world politics. The geopolitical position of Central Asia between the West and the East predetermines the special significance of its transit potential, which will only grow over time.

Keywords: Central Asia, Russia, politics, economic processes, geopolitics, leadership.

 
Sevinj Saday gizi Zeynalova
The role of Western theme in ideological – artistic enrichment of realistic Azerbaijani literature (at the turn of XIX-XX century)

This article deals with the creativity of progressive Azerbaijani public figures and writers as the decisive stage lying to the West. Western theme in the Azerbaijani literature reflected more in the second half of the nineteenth century. This was, primarily, due to the development of educational trends in Azerbaijan, including the leading role of educational literature in the lives of the people. In their works, the writers and public figures in an implicit way called upon the readers to modernize and accept more advanced Western social norms and practices.

Keywords: XIX-XX century, realistic literature, western trends, Azerbaijani writers.

 
Kitaev M.Yu.
Lidzhieva A.B.
Mandzhieva T.G.
Bukshurginov M.S.
From prospects to realities of Russian - Chinese relations in the economic sphere

The article is devoted to the issues of economic relations between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, one of the important factors of successful cooperation. In this article, we outline the characteristics of the Sino-Russian economic system in terms of energy trade, military trade, economic aid (the former Soviet Union), and the impact of Sino-Russian economic relations on political and cultural relations. The work highlights the issue of trade, industrial and military cooperation between the two countries. We have considered the issue of a shortage of labor resources in the Russian Federation and ways of solving this problem.

Keywords: China, Russia, world economy, foreign policy, cooperation, military trade.

 
Klyukin N.D.
Donald John Trump's foreign policy

The article is devoted to the analysis of the political activities of Donald Trump as the president of the United States of America. The key political issues of the United States interaction with countries such as the China, North Korea, Russia, India and Syria. Each of the issues discussed contributes to the creation of a full-fledged image of Trump as a politician who is a tough, leader who takes constant risks in order to achieve certain goals. Many experts argue that it will be difficult for Trump to maintain a leading position in the upcoming presidential election since the current president currently has rather weak approval ratings.

Keywords: USA, Trump administration, Prague agreement, international agreements, withdrawal of American soldiers, Syria, trade war with China, customs duties, international relations, bilateral relations.

 
Liu Lihui
Miao Hui
The relevance of Nikolai Baikov's ecological idea (on the example of "Great Van" by N. Baikov)

In the context of the current increasingly serious environmental crisis, it is necessary to pay more attention to the authors who have devoted their lives to the study of this problem. ON. Baikov was one of them. His works awaken in people a reverent respect and admiration for nature, and thus indirectly contribute to the construction of a more harmonious society.

Keywords: relevance, ecology, problem, research.

 
Tambi S.A.
Belarus and the European Union: Erosion of the Eurosceptic Position of Estonian Conservatives?

The article examines the change of intensity of Euroscepticism of the representatives of the Conservative People's Party of Estonia under the influence of the events in Belarus after the presidential elections (which took place on August 9, 2020), as well as the contradictory positions at different levels of the party hierarchy. This paper was written based on the materials of the website of the Conservative People's Party of Estonia, its official propaganda outlets, as well as other sources in Estonian and Russian languages. The main method used in the study is a systematic approach, which made it possible to identify the dependence of the party's behavior not so much on the behavior of its individual members and representatives of its electorate, but on the properties of the party structure itself and the alarm of a certain external trigger in a specific period of time.

Keywords: Estonia, Belarus, European Union, Europe, elections, right-wing populism, politics, euroscepticism.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Adyaeva Z.S., Kalmyk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Avdeev V.S., Expert, Regional public organization to support social city programmes “The city in the XXI century”.
Bukshurginov M.S., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Dertieva A.V., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Galaganova S.G., Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Information Analysis and Political Technologies, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor.
Kitaev M.Yu., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Komarov S.S., Lecturer at the Department of Public Administration, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia.
Klyukin N.D., Postgraduate student of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia.
Lidzhieva A.B., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Liu Lihui, Senior Lecturer, Qiqihar University, PRC.
Maklashova E.G., PhD in Political (candidate of political science). Senior researcher of the Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North (IHRISN) of the Siberian branch of the RAS (SB RAS).
Mandzhiev A.M., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Mandzhieva T.G., Master of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.
Merzliakov S.S., Candidate of philosophy, researcher at Lomonosov Moscow state University.
Miao Hui, Candidate of cultural studies, professor. Qiqihar University, China. Center for the Study of Slavic Countries under the Ministry of Education of the PRC on the basis of the Institute of Slavic Languages, Harbin Pedagogical University, PRC.
Okorokova M.P., Candidate of political science. Associate Professor, Department of history, social studies and political science, faculty Of history, Ammosova North-Eastern Federal University.
Sevinj Saday gizi Zeynalova, Candidate of philological sciences, Associate professor. Department of Foreign Languages of the Azerbaijan University of Languages.
Tambi S.A., Master with knowledge of foreign languages, program "Foreign Regional Studies", Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Tsedenov E.N., Bachelor of Gorodovikova Kalmyk State University.