Etnosocium №7 (145) 2020

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Bormotova T.M. Migration processes in the border regions of Russia: status and peculiarities
9
Zolotarev N.A., Matveenko Y.I. Instruments of the Russian state policy on managing modern political risks
18
Zemtsov B.N., Suzdaleva T.R. Prevention of extremist sentiments in the student environment
25
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Mikhailova A.V. Religious associations and the Russian State: stages of the establishment of new relations in modern Russia and their impact on national security
37
Volgin G.S. Opportunities and potential of the symbolic measurements for analysis of the public policy
46
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Belugina N.B. Features of political discourse formation in social media in modern conditions
52
Yatsulyak V.V. Influence of civil society on the Russian social security system
58
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Miao Hui, Zhang Yangyang Environmental idea of Nikolay Baikov
67
Kudashova N.N. The position and political role of Germany in the modern world
74
Nagotnyh O.V. The politics of memory in the process of decommunization in Poland
86
 
Abstracts
 
98
Authors
107
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
109

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Gaiduk V.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Law, Professor, Department of Philosophy and Political Science of the Bashkir State University, expert of the Russian society of political scientists.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Bormotova T.M.
Migration processes in the border regions of Russia: status and peculiarities

The article deals with the problematic issues of the current migration situation in the border territories of the Russian Federation, which has an ambiguous impact on the socio-economic and political situation in Russia. The impact of migration is considered one of the most important aspects of national security. Therefore, Russia's migration policy in terms of regulating migration processes should be built in accordance with the national interests of the state.

Keywords: population migration, migration security, migration policy, border regions.

 
Zolotarev N.A.
Matveenko Y.I.
Instruments of the Russian state policy on managing modern political risks

The article explores the concept and essence of political risks, analyzes the instruments of the Russian state policy for managing them. The author pays significant attention to the study of the political risk insurance system in Russia and abroad, analyzes some similarities and differences in the activities of insurance companies. The article proposes to develop the activities of private providers in the political risk insurance system in the country, as it will help to strengthen public-private partnerships in this area, which have shown high efficiency in many countries all around the world.

Keywords: political risk, management mechanism, state policy, insurance, export credit agency, Russia, export support.

 
Zemtsov B.N.
Suzdaleva T.R.
Prevention of extremist sentiments in the student environment

The article summarizes the recent experience of universities in preventing extremism among students. The authors assume that extremist attitudes in this social segment have the same reasons as among young people in General. But the scale, forms of manifestation, and, consequently, the direction of preventive work are somewhat different.

The authors believe that due to the internetization of society, there is a need to optimize the counteraction to extremist moods in the network space. It focuses on such formats as video games, comics, Internet memes, and so on.

The higher school, which has a high scientific and cultural potential, has significant opportunities to prevent the spread of extremism. Humanities departments can play an important role, especially in non-humanitarian universities. The article reveals the experience of their work. However, there are a number of factors that reduce the effectiveness of their activities in this direction.

Keywords: extremism, student youth, educational work, Humanities.

 
Mikhailova A.V.
Religious associations and the Russian State: stages of the establishment of new relations in modern Russia and their impact on national security

Political processes involving the relations between the State and the confessions that took place in our country at the end of the XX – beginning of the XXI century resulted not only in positive changes in political and social structure of modern Russia, but also transformed in a favorable way the relations between religious associations and the Russian State. Consequently, it helped to remove official prohibitions on the activities of religious associations in the mail social spheres: youth policy, education and formation, culture and charity as well as legislative sphere. After analyzing the results of the latter, the author gives a brief description of the implementation of legislation on freedom of conscience, freedom of religion and religious associations in modern Russia as well as its impact on national security.

Keywords: national security, political order, religious association, relations between State and confessions, freedom of conscience, freedom of confession, ideological diversity, Soviet model, anti-religious policy, Russian State.

 
Volgin G.S.
Opportunities and potential of the symbolic measurements for analysis of the public policy

The article discusses symbolic dimensions used in the analysis of public policy. The goal is to determine their capabilities and potential in modern political realities. Work execution using general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison. Its main results are the definition of symbolic means as public policy resources used to legitimize the order of things established in a certain community. One of the most important dimensions in the framework of symbolic politics is memory, which acts as a certain set of structures in the sphere of communication, which projects social expectations on current reality. The components of such a dimension of symbolic politics as memory are two components of political identity: myths and rituals. The myth itself is a key link in the process of forming political identity as such. It gives members of the identified community a specific role, which in reality is only a symbol. The ritual becomes a derivative of the myth. In fact, any symbolic action for consciously or unconsciously designating one's own identity is already a certain ritual. From a historical point of view, the problems of the implementation of symbolic politics were inextricably linked with cult and religious customs, which, in essence, became the basis for the functioning of a society divided into identified groups. Today, modern society is guided to a greater extent by aspects of public policy, since religious issues have faded into the background. Accordingly, the characters are also changing - the issue of entertainment, openness, accessibility acquires a key role. The process of creating and transforming political and social traditions on the issue of political identity ultimately leads to a close relationship between the past and the present, despite the high degree of mediocrity and conditionality of this connection from the point of view of scientific discourse, which makes their study significant for modern public policy.

Keywords: public policy, symbols, memory, myths, rituals, customs.

 
Belugina N.B.
Features of political discourse formation in social media in modern conditions

The article is devoted to the peculiarities of political discourse formation in social media. The author highlights the features of social media as an environment for the formation of political discourse in modern conditions. The article examines such characteristics of social media as audience fragmentation, interdiscursiveness, horizontal nature of communication and multimodality.

Keywords: social media, political communication, political discourse, communicative practice, symbolic politics.

 
Yatsulyak V.V.
Influence of civil society on the Russian social security system

Many studies have argued that depoliticized non-profit organizations (NPOs) in Russia, as an institution of civil society will lead to democratic changes through gradual actions. However, the country has recently witnessed a reduction in the political and legal space for public participation, especially for foreign-funded civil society organizations, all of which play a significant role in the functioning of the social security system. This article analyzes the impact of civil society on the social security system in Russia under the law on NGOs.

Keywords: civil society, social security system, non-profit organizations in Russia.

 
Miao Hui
Zhang Yangyang
Environmental idea of Nikolay Baikov

The article examines the ecological consciousness of Nikolai Baykov. N. Baikov, who has lived in northeastern China for over 40 years, wrote many ecological literary works describing the nature of northeastern China in a combination of naturalism and realism. He created poetic, mysterious and romantic images of animals in the taiga. He warned us to live in harmony with nature. This is an environmental law. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the analysis of ecological consciousness in the works of N. Baikov, as well as in the study of the relevance of the ecological idea, and in the initiation of a general ecological concept.

Keywords: N. Baykov, Great Van, environmental ideas, harmony, nature and humanity are one, relevance.

 
Kudashova N.N.
The position and political role of Germany in the modern world

The article describes Germany’s present position and role in the system of international relations basing on the theory of middle powers. The role of Germany in terms of resources, behavior and identity is evaluated. The analysis of expert publications allowed to reveal three main topics regarding Germany’s role: leadership in Europe; necessity to strengthen its role is European and global security; the key role in the advancement of multilateralism, cooperation and diplomacy, as well as in maintaining the world’s liberal order.

Keywords: Germany, middle powers theory, international relations.

 
Nagotnyh O.V.
The politics of memory in the process of decommunization in Poland

The article is devoted to the politics of memory in Poland. The author identifies the main mechanisms of memory policy. The politics of memory in the process of decommunization in Poland is one of the controversial issues. Poles remain divided over the communist past. Local communities play an important role in interpreting past events.

Keywords: decommunization, politics of memory, emotion, Poland.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Belugina N.B., Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Science and Mass Communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of social Sciences, chief research officer of the Russian Ministry of internal Affairs research Institute.
Kudashova N.N., Candidate of Philology, Candidate of Science, philology, Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Matveenko Y.I., Doctor of Political science, professor. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Miao Hui, Candidate of cultural studies, professor. Qiqihar University, PRC. Center for the Study of Slavic Countries under the Ministry of Education of the PRC on the basis of the Institute of Slavic Languages, Harbin Pedagogical University, China.
Mikhailova A.V., Researcher of the Center for Political Researches «Equitas», PhD Law.
Nagotnyh O.V., Postgraduate student of the Department of political science of Ural State University.
Suzdaleva T.R., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor. Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Volgin G.S., Graduate student. Saint Petersburg state University.
Yatsulyak V.V., Graduate student. North-West Institute of Management of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Zemtsov B.N., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of History, Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Zhang Yangyang, Post-graduate student of Qiqihar University, China.
Zolotarev N.A., Postgraduate, master of political science. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.