Etnosocium №10 (148) 2020

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Devyatov R.S. National strategies of state cultural policy in the context of globalization
9
Rodionov M.A., Volkova T.A. Political leaders of states during the WWII (countries - aggressors and their victims)
17
Makhmudov A.S. Analysis of the state of scientific study of the problem of state regulation of regional development in the USA and European countries
36
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Ternovaya L.O. Renaming of states as a toponymic tool of geopolitics
46
Yudin V.I., Devyatov R.S. International models of state cultural policy
56
Korobanov D.E., Ponomarenko B.T. Monitoring of social factors of the effectiveness of medical personnel
63
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Butova I.N., Baryshnikova V.A., Ivanenko Y.V. Stanislav Kosenkov's creative activity as a graphic artist: regional historical and cultural aspect in the context of the great patriotic war
69
Loboiko D.A. Changing the Russian regional political elite in the context of a public request for renewal
78
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Mikhailova N.V., Bakaryukhina A.V. The rise of nationalistic sentiments in Germany in the context of the activity of the party «Alternative for Germany»
86
Kharkovskaya E.V., Posokhova N.V., Bovkunova Y.V., Efremova N.V. Development of cultural and cognitive tourism (experience of Russia and Germany)
96
Ahmad Nedal Mohammad Alzubaidi The Impact of Geography on the Security of the Persian Gulf States Region
105
Boyarkina A.V. The global strategy of Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization in a new era
113
Kurilov S.N., Yudin I.V. Neoconservative approach to globalization problems: socio-political analysis
123
 
SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
 
Bozhenov S.A., Danakin N.S. Social governance of municipal projects
133
Gridchin A.A., Pashkevich A.V. Enhanced cooperation in the fight against terrorism at the subregional level: the experience of the CIS member states
143
 
REVIEW
 
Krivova N.A. Black Hundreds
86
 
Abstracts
 
157
Authors
167
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
171

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Devyatov R.S.
National strategies of state cultural policy in the context of globalization

The article examines the strategies of the state cultural policy and foreign experience of their implementation. It is concluded that various strategies are open to national governments, global cities and cultural organizations to address issues and respond to the impact of global and regional cultures and require further study and analysis.

Keywords: national strategies, cultural policy, state cultural policy strategies, globalization.

 
Rodionov M.A.
Volkova T.A.
Political leaders of states during the WWII (countries - aggressors and their victims)

A retrospective analysis of the functioning of the political elites of the main states that unleashed the Second World War, as well as those who became their victims, is carried out. Both pre-war events and the actual course and outcome of the war are considered. The main attention is paid to the activities of the leaders of the studied countries and the top military-political leadership.

Keywords: political elites, geopolitics, war, government, military-political leadership, Nazism, fascism, information warfare.

 
Makhmudov A.S.
Analysis of the state of scientific study of the problem of state regulation of regional development in the USA and European countries

The article provides a comprehensive study of the state of scientific development of the problem of state regulation of the development of regions in modern states by foreign scientists who worked in the field of public administration, law, economics, geography.

Keywords: region, regional studies, regional science, state regulation.

 
Ternovaya L.O.
Renaming of states as a toponymic tool of geopolitics

The political map of the world is notable for its constancy. Sudden changes on it, as a rule, occur in connection with wars, large-scale disasters. However, even if the contours of state borders are maintained, then periodically changes in the names of states occur. The reasons for these transformations are different. But this is always a reflection of the desire to rewrite the past. This is usually about the recent past. The distant past, on the contrary, is heroized in the new name. With this, the past, thanks to the toponymic tool of geopolitics, helps to paint a picture of the future. There are examples when authorities came to a change of name under the influence of their external environment. Each such case of a toponymic change makes us think about this reserve of “soft power”, which is capable of radically changing not only the state’s foreign policy course, but also affecting the political consciousness of citizens.

Keywords: geopolitics, onomastics, geography, toponymy, power, ethnos.

 
Yudin V.I.
Devyatov R.S.
International models of state cultural policy

The article examines the evolution of the concept of "cultural policy" with its gradual differentiation; substantiates the possibility and necessity of implementing state cultural policy, taking into account international experience, extrapolated in the models: American, German, Anglo-Saxon, French. It is concluded that an effective state cultural policy can be determined and implemented within the framework of a well-defined model and specific approach.

Keywords: cultural policy, models of cultural policy, cultural democracy.

 
Korobanov D.E.
Ponomarenko B.T.
Monitoring of social factors of the effectiveness of medical personnel

The article reveals the essence and role of monitoring the social factors of the effectiveness of medical personnel. Parameters of professional competence of medical personnel are characterized. The problematic specifics of the current state of the healthcare system are highlighted from the standpoint of efficiency.

Keywords: monitoring, medical personnel, personnel, social factors, competence, assessment, performance efficiency, health care system.

 
Butova I.N.
Baryshnikova V.A.
Ivanenko Y.V.
Stanislav Kosenkov's creative activity as a graphic artist: regional historical and cultural aspect in the context of the great patriotic war

The article examines the creative activity of graphic artist Stanislav Kosenkov, his creative perception and reproduction in the works of the period of the great Patriotic war. The leading theme In the work of S.S. Kosenkov is military. His works are "imbued" with the pain of the past, which he tried to convey to the common people.

Keywords: history, creativity, graphic artist, Great Patriotic war.

 
Loboiko D.A.
Changing the Russian regional political elite in the context of a public request for renewal

In the conditions of over-centralization, regional power configurations are of interest only to local elites and counter-elites. Regions engaged in survival passively perceive the results of reassignments. A tired society is tolerant. People are used to the fact that governors are de facto appointed, and only de jure elected. Given the high level of social discontent, the public may react to the" enchanting " results of the state Duma elections with protests. The second wave of avid complicates rotation plans, but does not cancel them. There are a number of regions whose management degradation brings constant difficulties to the System.

Keywords: political elites, regional policy, governors, social contract, Coronavirus pandemic, social crisis.

 
Mikhailova N.V.
Bakaryukhina A.V.
The rise of nationalistic sentiments in Germany in the context of the activity of the party «Alternative for Germany»

The power of right-wing parties ist currently increasing in Europe. In this context the nationalistic sentiments are getting more popular. Germany ist not an exception. The party “Alternative for Germany” has gained much power during the last years. This fact has to be analysed. The article ist devoted to the study of the phenomenon “nationalism”, its historical retrospective view, main reasons of the currently increasing nationalistic power in Germany in the conneсtion to the activity of the considered political party as well as key programme aspects of the latter.

Keywords: nationalism, right populism, Germany, Alternative for Germany, migration crisis, euroscepticism.

 
Kharkovskaya E.V.
Posokhova N.V.
Bovkunova Y.V.
Efremova N.V.
Development of cultural and cognitive tourism (experience of Russia and Germany)

The article presents studies of cultural and educational tourism in Russia and Germany. The main goal of the scientific work was to analyze the cultural and educational tourism of the two countries, Russia and Germany.

It has been established that cultural and educational tourism is one of the five main strategic directions of tourism development in the world. At present, cultural and educational tourism continues to develop actively, the number of tourists in this direction is growing, new programs for the development of this type of tourism are being adopted. All this reflects its importance and relevance. cultural and educational tourism has a lot of advantages and opportunities, both for the consumer and for the tour operator providing services.

The authors of the article analyzed the tourist potential of Russia and Germany, with the aim of developing cultural and educational tourism on their territory.

Thus, the development of cultural and educational tourism is one of the main directions of the future development of Russia and Germany. The authors of the article note that Russia and Germany are attractive and interesting countries with great potential for the development of cultural, educational and tourist destinations.

The authors of the article determined that the popularization of cultural and educational tourism will contribute to the influx of tourists, expand and create new tourist routes in the countries of Russia and Germany.

Keywords: cultural and educational tourism, tourists, tourism industry, tourism potential.

 
Ahmad Nedal Mohammad Alzubaidi
The Impact of Geography on the Security of the Persian Gulf States Region

In this study, the researcher presents an analysis of the impact of geography on security in the Gulf region. This study examines the impact of geography of the countries on the social and political environment. Eight countries are located on the Persian Gulf, and they are: (Saudi Arabia - Iran - Iraq - Qatar - Bahrain - Kuwait - Oman - Emirates), each of these countries has a special geography. Geography also affects a country's military power. The Strait of Hormuz is considered one of the most important waterways in the world. About 20% of world oil exports go through it. The geography of the Strait of Hormuz gives Iran and Oman a strategic political and military position. The researcher in this study explains the US-Iranian conflict from a geographic perspective in the Strait of Hormuz. Where Iran has a military advantage over the United States in the geography of the Strait of Hormuz, where the location of the coastal islands in the Strait of Hormuz plays a geostrategic role.

Keywords: geography, strait of Hormuz, Persian Gulf, military forces, islands.

 
Boyarkina A.V.
The global strategy of Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization in a new era

This paper is devoted to the idea of one of the world leaders Xi Jinping to build an ecological civilization based on the reality of China’s development in a new era. This strategy embodies the conceptual achievement of China, which the country is ready to share with the international community. The purpose of the study is to show how the Chinese leadership, relying on this idea, and adhering to the principle of joint consultation, joint construction and joint use, implements the construction of a global ecological civilization. There have been analyzed the efforts of the Chinese leadership, which are aimed at building an ecological civilization and improving measures for environmental protection. The author comes to the conclusion that Xi Jinping’s strategy of building an ecological civilization strengthens the ecological vector of the practical implementation of the concept of «a community with a shared future for mankind», which is put forward to support the harmonious coexistence of human and nature.

Keywords: China, Xi Jinping, ecological civilization, concept of «a community with a shared future for mankind», environmental protection.

 
Kurilov S.N.
Yudin I.V.
Neoconservative approach to globalization problems: socio-political analysis

Today globalization covers all spheres of public life: economy, politics, culture, ideology and the like. The article provides a socio-political analysis of the neoconservative approach to the problems of globalization. The approaches of various political and economic schools to the definition of the essence of globalization are considered. The points of view of skeptical neoconservatives on the phenomenon and problems of globalization are presented.

Keywords: globalization, neoconservatism, neoconservatives, criticism of globalization.

 
Bozhenov S.A.
Danakin N.S.
Social governance of municipal projects

Project activities play an important role in the work of municipal employees. Expansion of design practice actualizes the problem of managing that activity, i.e. development and implementation of municipal projects. Social management is one of the types of project management, along with administrative, informational, and is characterized by: a) focus on a person who is not one-dimensional, but holistic; b) focus on the formation of certain interests, motives, and behavioral models among the employees of the organization; c) wider representation of management subjects; d) the predominance of "humanistic" (socio-psychological, conventional, communicative, etc.) methods of managerial influence; e) direct use of human resources; e) predominant perspective orientation; g) dominance of diagnostic, motivational, regulatory and other functions.

On the basis of the data of the expert and questionnaire surveys, the prospects for the development of social management of municipal projects are connected with their resource provision and increased motivation of participants in project activities.

At the design and technological level of the survey introduced the author's interpretation of the social technologization of municipal projects; justified and formulated the principles of social management of municipal projects; the procedure of social technologization is presented. In the final part of the article, practical recommendations are formulated on the use of the mechanism of social management of municipal projects, addressed to the interested target groups.

Keywords: municipal project, project activities, management, social management, bimodal management, motivation, social standards, cumulative responsibility, social interests, social problem, gradualism, integration, technologization, social technology, technology.

 
Gridchin A.A.
Pashkevich A.V.
Enhanced cooperation in the fight against terrorism at the subregional level: the experience of the CIS member states

The article highlights the international experience of antiterrorist cooperation of the CIS member states, as well as the experience of their successful interaction with such international organizations as the UN, OSCE, IAEA. Four priority areas of cooperation are identified and described: legal and regulatory, informational, staff training and protection of power system objects. Special attention is paid to the creation of a single legal field for international cooperation, the implementation of legal norms and the harmonization of national legislation. The current problems and conditions of information support for effective international cooperation around counter - terrorism and extremism are highlighted.

Keywords: international cooperation, terrorism, counter - terrorism, the CIS member states, the CIS Anti-Terrorist Center, legal and regulatory support, information support.

 
Krivova N.A.
Black Hundreds

The monograph is devoted to the formation of the ideological foundations of the right-wing monarchist movement in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as the application of conservative theories in practice.

Keywords: Black Hundreds, right-wing, monarchism, church, power, century.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Ahmad Nedal Mohammad Alzubaidi, Post-graduate student of political sciences (Ph.D), Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Bakaryukhina A.V., Third-year student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.
Baryshnikova V.A., Teacher of the Department of General theoretical and humanitarian disciplines of the Belgorod State Institute of arts and culture.
Bovkunova Y.V., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of social and cultural activities and tourism, Belgorod State institute of arts and culture, Belgorod.
Boyarkina A.V., PhD in Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Academic department of the English language, Far Eastern Federal University.
Bozhenov S.A., Candidate of Sociological science, Associate professor of the Department of Sociology and Management, Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University.
Butova I.N., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of General theoretical and humanitarian disciplines of the Belgorod State Institute of arts and culture.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Management, Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University.
Devyatov R.S., Expert of the Foundation for Support of Interethnic Culture and Public International Relations.
Efremova N.V., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of social and cultural activities and tourism, Belgorod State institute of arts and culture, Belgorod.
Ivanenko Y.V., Teacher of the Department of General theoretical and humanitarian disciplines of the Belgorod State Institute of arts and culture.
Gridchin A.A., Doctor of Sociology, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Management, Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University.
Kharkovskaya E.V., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of social and cultural activities and tourism, Belgorod State institute of arts and culture, Belgorod.
Korobanov D.E., Postgraduate student of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Krivova N.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Kurilov S.N., PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Department of Advertising, Public Relations and Linguistics, National Research University. Moscow Power Engineering Institute.
Loboiko D.A., Director. Center “Regional research” (Samara).
Makhmudov A.S., Senior Lecturer, Department of Law and Political Science. Dagestan State Technical University. Member of the Scientific Council of the peer-reviewed journal “The Power of History”. Expert of the Regional public organization to support social city programmes “The city in the XXI century”.
Mikhailova N.V., Doctor in Political Science, Professor, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.
Pashkevich A.V., Candidate of Sociology, Chief of Staff of the Head of the AntiTerrorism Center of the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Ponomarenko B.T., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Personnel Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Posokhova N.V., Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of social and cultural activities and tourism, Belgorod State institute of arts and culture, Belgorod.
Rodionov M.A., Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor of Department of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Volkova T.A., Head of the Department of Legal Support for the Own Activities of the Legal Department of "Leader" JSC.
Yudin I.V., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Advertising, Public Relations and Linguistics, National Research University. Moscow Power Engineering Institute.
Yudin V.I., Doctor of Political Science, Senator assistant.