Etnosocium №3 (129) 2019

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Suleimanova S.S., Ryabova E.L. Internet communications is a modern dialogue tool
9
Letunovsky P.V., Seledcova V.N. On spiritual and moral bonds in the Russian army: historical and political aspect
26
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY:
POLITICS, ECONOMICS, LAW
 
Rodko O.A. The challengers of modern society: the problems of religious and secular ethics
34
Taganov M.V. Assessment of the impact of technological structures on the formation of the Russian economy
43
Tambi S.A. Captain from Estonian Island of Muhu: More than 50 Years of V.A. Vaga Service to Russian Marine
52
 
REGIONAL STUDY:
POLITICS, ECONOMICS, LAW
 
Zakirov A.P., Fazulov A.P. The forms of political participation of ethnic groups
72
Balzhinimaeva E.P., Tsyrempilova E.V. State bureaucracy: problems of reform, on the example of the Republic of Buryatia
85
Pelevin S.I., Denisova L.L. Theory of social and political development in Russia as a mechanism of social changes
91
Kondrashihina O.A. Deciding of problems with high shares of uncertainty: expression of heuristic effects of thinking
99
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS:
POLITICS, ECONOMICS, LAW
 
Sochneva A.O. Evaluation of the Russian Federation policy in Central Asia by US experts
105
 
MARINE LAW
 
Ryabova E.I. Some aspects of protection of the labour rights of seafarers
118
Cao Jing Marine aspect of the Energy security policy of China: vulnerability and military modernization
126
 
Abstracts
 
137
Authors
147
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
151

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region, Deputy of the Khabarovsk Region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Bogomolni E.I., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Laureate of state and govermental prize of the Russian Federation, member of the supervisory council “Foundation of assistance in reforming the housing and utilities infrastructure”, Head of the Department of real estate management, problems of land tenure and housing and utilities infrastructure. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, a leading researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Suleimanova S.S.
Ryabova E.L.
Internet communications is a modern dialogue tool

The article shows that the Internet, acting as a means, method and form of building communicative interaction, defines new forms of interaction, brings a fundamentally new level of structuring of information and communication interaction.

The authors note that the information sphere has become a system-forming factor in public life and it can be reasonably argued that in the life of society it plays not a supporting role, but one of the key ones.

Keywords: internet, information, Internet technologies, communication, information society, communication interaction, phenomenon, media sphere.

 
Letunovsky P.V.
Seledcova V.N.
On spiritual and moral bonds in the Russian army: historical and political aspect

The article analyzes the content of spiritual and moral foundations and norms of behavior of the Russian army in the period of hostilities in various historical eras.

Keywords: mentality, military rhetoric, Russian commanders, humanism, civilians.

 
Rodko O.A.
The challengers of modern society: the problems of religious and secular ethics

In this article, the author examines the foundations of religious and secular ethics, based on three fundamental mental States of man: faith, fear and the desire to find solace in suffering. Their moral, practical and humanistic possibilities are analyzed.

Keywords: religious ethics, secular ethics, faith, fear, suffering, consolation, lack of spirituality, morality, existential frustration, moral laws, punishment, prayer.

 
Taganov M.V.
Assessment of the impact of technological structures on the formation of the Russian economy

The state of the Russian economy at the present stage is analyzed. The author considers "technological ways", which characterize the state of socio-economic development ofцеломthe country. In this regard, special attention is paid to the problem of Russia's transition to the sixth technological order, i.e. development of innovative production.

Keywords: technological structure, development of nanotechnologies, innovative production, development infrastructure, scientific research.

 
Tambi S.A.
Captain from Estonian Island of Muhu: More than 50 Years of V.A. Vaga Service to Russian Marine

The article describes the life of the famous Far Eastern captain Vasily Vaga, an Estonian by nationality, who moved from the island of Muhu of the Livonia province in the eastern direction, to the Far East. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that up to the present moment none of the researchers has been engaged in a comprehensive and deep study of the biography of V.A. Vaga. The uniqueness of the study lies in the fact that the author has collected, systematized and presented in this paper the materials of the Estonian National Archive, as well as materials of newspapers in the Estonian and Russian languages, which are first introduced into the scientific circulation. The article tells about the ancestors of V.A. Vaga, his childhood years spent on the island of Muhu, relocation to the Far East, career successes of the young captain, awards received for participation in the operation to rescue Chelyuskinites in 1934, participation in the Great Patriotic War, and, finally, about the last years in Tallinn, his family and the perpetuation of memory about him in Soviet times and in the present days. In conclusion, the author states that the brave and experienced Far Eastern captain V.A. Vaga made a great contribution to the national marine. The main methods used in the study are the generalization method, the system approach, the historical descriptive method, the document analysis method and the empirical description method.

Keywords: Estonians, Vassily Vaga, captain, Muhu, Vladivostok, Far East, Chelyuskinites, history.

 
Zakirov A.P.
Fazulov A.P.
The forms of political participation of ethnic groups

The article analyzes the forms of political participation of ethnic groups and their grouping. The cases of political participation in Scotland, Germany, Switzerland are considered.

Keywords: ethnic group, political participation, political participation of ethnic groups, ethnic party.

 
Balzhinimaeva E.P.
Tsyrempilova E.V.
State bureaucracy: problems of reform, on the example of the Republic of Buryatia

The article analyzes the stages of reforming the regional government, emphasizes that the basis of this process is the transformation of the state bureaucracy into an “open” model of the civil service. The author considers some problems of the implementation of administrative reform. It was noted that the effectiveness of the activities of the state bureaucracy depends largely on the developed civil society in the region.

Keywords: government bureaucracy, administrative reform, selection principles, number of civil servants.

 
Pelevin S.I.
Denisova L.L.
Theory of social and political development in Russia as a mechanism of social changes

The theory of socio-political development is trying to explain the qualitative changes in the structure of society, which help society better implement goals and objectives. Development can be defined in a way applicable to all nations in all historical periods, as an upward movement, demonstrating higher levels of energy, efficiency, quality, productivity, complexity, understanding, creativity, skill, pleasure and achievement.

Keywords: social development, changes, intensity, society, factors.

 
Kondrashihina O.A.
Deciding of problems with high shares of uncertainty: expression of heuristic effects of thinking

The paper presents the results of a pilot study of the features of solving problems with a high degree of uncertainty by students-psychologists. The frequency of heuristics of representativeness and the effect of the primacy in the sample is estimated. Describes the typical reasoning of students and the argumentation of answers.

Keywords: political science, psychology student, representativeness heuristics, primacy effect, problem, uncertainty.

 
Sochneva A.O.
Evaluation of the Russian Federation policy in Central Asia by US experts

Central Asia is an important region of the priorities of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation. American experts form a negative opinion about Russia with their publications, as most countries in the post-Soviet space listen to them. Mukhina Yana Borisovna and Komleva Valentina Vyacheslavovna spoke about this more than once in their articles. The purpose of this paper is to identify the peculiarities of assessments by American experts of Russian policy in the post-Soviet space. As a characteristic feature of modern research, we can note the tendency to consider the history of relations between Russia and the United States in the relationship of the whole process of the formation of new independent states, the transformation of interstate interaction as a whole. Criteria for the selection of these experts are the direction of their activities and competence in this matter, the novelty of publications. As a result, we can single out the main directions of Russia's policy in Central Asia, according to US experts: in the region there is support from Russia, as “buffer states”, and the use of soft power from Russia is observed. It can also be noted that Russians historically tend to view the post-Soviet space as a fundamentally Russian culture and history. Experts emphasize the region’s dependence on Russia in the energy sector. There are doubts that the Eurasian Economic Union is an international organization of economic integration. His goal, according to experts, is the subordination of the countries participating in the EAEU.

Keywords: geopolitics, soft power, central Asia, eaeu.

 
Ryabova E.I.
Some aspects of protection of the labour rights of seafarers

The article deals with the issues related to the labor rights of seafarers of civil navigation vessels. A brief review of the main international documents regulating the work of seafarers and ensuring the observance of their rights in the process of exercising their official functions is carried out. The issues of gender inequality and the protection of the rights of women seafarers were highlighted.

Keywords: labor law, seafarers, commercial fleet, working conditions, legislation.

 
Cao Jing
Marine aspect of the Energy security policy of China: vulnerability and military modernization

The aim of the given article is to present the China's view on the problem of providing energy security, especially in the light of the growing disputes and various issues that may grow big enough to obstruct the vital transportation artery – namely marine transportation of oil products. This is especially important for China given the fact that its economy is extremely dependent on the stability of the oil supply through sea transportation lanes. This article is mostly based on Chinese sources and some sources English when the material in Chinese was hard to find. The article is divided into two parts. First the author presents the Chinese perspective on the problem of energy security and shows that Chinese leading experts in the field of sea policy are aware of the China’s vulnerability in that regard. The author goes on with presenting the measures the Chinese government had adopted in the recent years focusing on the development of some aspects of the Chinese Navy suitable for overseas operation as well as the protection of the South China Sea. The author concludes that even though there are more than one driving force in China’s recent efforts to modernize its Navy, the energy security is undoubtfully the main one.

Keywords: energy security, Chinese People's Liberation Army Support Base in Djibouti, PRC, sea transportation, South China Sea, «the Malacca dilemma».

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Balzhinimaeva E.P., Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor of the chair of political science and sociology. Dorji Banzarov Buryat State University.
Cao Jing, Saint Petersburg State University.
Denisova L.L., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Law, and Social and Humanitarian Sciences of Armavir State Pedagogical University.
Fazulov A.P., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor at the Department of political science of the Institute of social and philosophical Sciences and mass communications of Kazan Federal University.
Pelevin S.I., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Law, and Social and Humanitarian Sciences of Armavir State Pedagogical University.
Kondrashihina O.A., Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology, Humanitarian-Pedagogical Institute of FSAEI of HE "Sevastopol State University".
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy. A.M. Vassilevsky Marshal of the Soviet Union.
Rodko O.A., Magister of Chair of state-confessional relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ryabova E.I., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Labor Law in Sevastopol. Developer and teacher of advanced training courses for civil servants in Sevastopol. Leading specialist in labor and service disputes.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, editor-in-chief of the international publishing house "Ethnosocium" / "Cultural World".
Seledcova V.N., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Head of the Russian Language Department of the A.M. Vassilevsky (Marshal of the Soviet Union)Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy.
Sochneva A.O., Russian President Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Suleimanova S.S., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of public relations and media policy, Faculty of Journalism of the Institute of Public Administration and Management Personnel of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Taganov M.V., Associate Professor of Management in Energy and Industry, National Research University, Moscow Energy Institute.
Tambi S.A., Master with knowledge of foreign languages, program "Foreign Regional Studies", Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Tsyrempilova E.V., Candidate of Sociological Sciences, senior lecturer of the chair of political science and sociology. Dorzhi Banzarov Buryat State University.
Zakirov A.P., Post-graduate student at the Department of political science of the Institute of social and philosophical Sciences and mass communications of Kazan Federal University.