Etnosocium №4 (154) 2021

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Mikhaylova N.V., Karpova K.R. Problems of Eurasian integration: political aspects
9
Chernyshova L.V., Kogan O.S. Partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurship
17
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Dolgenko A.N., Murashko S.F., Rudakova S.V. Business game as a form of active training
28
Napso M.D. Cosmopolitan discourse of globalisation
34
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Polonchuk R.A., Shashok L.A. Transformation of the theoretical views of the political leadership of the PRC on ensuring military security in the face of modern challenges and threats
42
Biryukov N.G., Safonova A.I., Tolmacheva E.I. The influence of scientific and technical progress on the evolution of Japanese society
54
Borisov A.N. Impact of the UN millennium development goals on the development of Russian regions
64
Hambardzumyan M.V. Scottish national identity: on the path to independence
81
Biryukov N.G., Safonova A.I., Tolmacheva E.I. On the issue of the evolution of personal self-identification in modern Japanese society
88
 
CONFERENCE
 
Mikhailenko A.N. Levels of development in bilateral international relations
96
Rovchak P.Yu. Theoretical and conceptual approaches to Russia-Africa relations
108
Conference announcement. Russia's foreign policy in the context of the formation of a new world order
116
 
ECONOMIC SCIENCES
 
Trofimova N.N. Modern methods of improving the efficiency of project management
122
 
REVIEW
 
Biryukov S.V. SCO and the continuity of the traditions of Chinese diplomacy
135
Khalin S.M., Ryabova E.I. Science as the main productive force of modern and future society (ethical approach)
145
 
Abstracts
 
150
Authors
156
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
165

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Mikhaylova N.V.
Karpova K.R.
Problems of Eurasian integration: political aspects

The article is devoted to the political dimension of Eurasian integration during the functioning of the Eurasian Economic Union. Analyzing the conditions for the creation of the Union, the features of its structure, the nature of interaction between its members, as well as the problems of cooperation between the Eurasian Economic Union and external actors, the authors come to the conclusion that the shortcomings characteristic of its political side have a serious impact on the current state and prospects of Eurasian integration. ... The authors show that initially the Eurasian Economic Union was conceived as one of the forms of conjugation of post-Soviet and European integration projects, presenting, for example, in the publication of Vladimir Putin “A new integration project for Eurasia - the future that is being born today”, as an element of “Greater Europe” Etc...

Keywords: relevance, tasks, crisis, integration, aspects, weaknesses, tasks.

 
Chernyshova L.V.
Kogan O.S.
Partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurship

The article is devoted to such a topical topic as public-private partnership and its potential as a resource for the development of enterprising. The article examines the theoretical aspects of the interaction between the state and business in the modern world, and how they form the practical core of development. The authors identify the factors that determine the functioning of the interaction between the state and business in modern Russia on the basis of economic and political interest. It is concluded that the partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurial activity in modern Russia has a place to be. The development of the public-private partnership system takes place in a systematic way. The number of forms of implementation of public-private partnership projects in Russia is predominant in relation to foreign developed countries. The authors of the article state that despite the abundance of forms of implementation of public-private partnership projects in Russia, today there is a low level of support from the state and business for projects that are focused on mutual partnership, while it is possible to observe an increase in the number of projects in the countries of the European Union. The authors of the article conclude that the improvement of the public-private partnership system in Russia should be due to the implementation of systemic modernization changes in the socio-economic and political reality of the state. However, due to the current institutional uncertainty and the lack of clear answers to questions regarding the definition of models for the future of political relations in the medium and long term, plans for further improvement of public-private partnerships remain vague. In conclusion, the authors of the article summarize the conclusion that the establishment of partnership relations between the state and business is an important and systemic task of various parties of the political and economic system of the modern Russian Federation.

Keywords: public-private partnership, entrepreneurship, business, import substitution, market, competition, subsidiarity.

 
Dolgenko A.N.
Murashko S.F.
Rudakova S.V.
Business game as a form of active training

In their article, the authors reveal the important role of business games in creating the ability to imitate a person’s real professional activity. In the process of a business game, trainees get the opportunity to learn to find different ways of solving the tasks assigned to them. Business games help to simulate working situations in order to develop the most effective solutions and professional skills, form a holistic view of professional activity in its dynamics among future specialists, and contribute to the acquisition of social experience.

Keywords: business game, social experience, occupational situation, professional skills, training of participants, educational function, classification of business games, typology of active training methods.

 
Napso M.D.
Cosmopolitan discourse of globalisation

Object of the analysis of present article are features of cosmopolitan ideology of the period of globalisation. The author traces the cosmopolitism nature, underlines its demand modern realities, considers a parity cosmopolitan, local and global. Influence of global values and cosmopolitan outlook on individual and collective consciousness, on area of ethnic relations is investigated. Influence of processes of unification, standardization, homogenization on life of the individual and a society is considered.

Keywords: globalisation, cosmopolitism, universality, homogenity, locality, identity.

 
Polonchuk R.A.
Shashok L.A.
Transformation of the theoretical views of the political leadership of the PRC on ensuring military security in the face of modern challenges and threats

In the article, the authors consider the transformation of the theoretical views of the political leadership of China on ensuring military security. Based on the analysis of domestic and foreign sources, the authors consider the military-doctrinal basis of the PRC for responding to modern challenges and threats to both global and regional security.

Keywords: military security, national security, China, Northeast Asia, military-political interaction, challenge, threat.

 
Biryukov N.G.
Safonova A.I.
Tolmacheva E.I.
The influence of scientific and technical progress on the evolution of Japanese society

The article is devoted to the study of the influence of scientific and technological progress (STP) on the development of Japanese society. The nine stages of the evolution of Japanese society are revealed, thanks to which Japanese society came to the fact that under the influence of scientific and technological progress, it became informational, and the creation of an electronic computer in Japan was a step towards a transition to a new stage of development. As a result, there was a high growth in industry, investment and the introduction of advanced technologies, which, due to the demographic, socio-economic and psychological problems of the Japanese nation, were actively supported by state policy in the field of socio-psychological reorientation of the population. And the gradual development of IT technologies in Japanese society led to the emergence of artificial realities, systems and their new perception in society, which subsequently led to the emergence of the "Society 5.0" strategy in Japan.

Keywords: Japanese society, scientific and technical progress, Society5.0, Japanese society, Virtual Reality, VTuber.

 
Borisov A.N.
Impact of the UN millennium development goals on the development of Russian regions

The article deals with the management of the socio-economic development of 3 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. It is shown that among the problematic and key issues is the use of the strategic planning system, including goal-setting and the choice of tools for implementing strategies. The analysis of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Report of the Russian Association for the Assistance to the UN is carried out The article analyzes the current problems and directions of reforms related to the development of human potential in the country and the recovery of the Russian economy from the crisis. It is shown that sustainable development is a consequence of the use not of individual tools, but of complex systemic approaches based on strategic planning.

Keywords: SDGs, UN, sustainable development, MDGs, Kamchatka Territory, Tambov Region, Chechen Republic.

 
Hambardzumyan M.V.
Scottish national identity: on the path to independence

The article is devoted to the analysis of the Scottish national identity. Scotland has sought to preserve its national identity and gain autonomy throughout the Anglo-Scottish history. Ideas of independence resumed after the referendum on the UK's withdrawal from the EU and has continued to this day. The author examines the historical background of the modern national movement in Scotland, its development in the XXI century and possible options for resolving the conflict.

Keywords: Scotland, United Kingdom, Scottish National Party, independence, devolution, referendum.

 
Biryukov N.G.
Safonova A.I.
Tolmacheva E.I.
On the issue of the evolution of personal self-identification in modern Japanese society

In the middle of the 19th century, Japan began successful modernization in all spheres of life. Behind the dizzying success in economic, political and other spheres, the Japanese people harbor an inferiority complex and an intense search for identity. The persistent pressing of Western, foreign culture leads to a breakaway from the previous, established values, which the Japanese are unable to resist, being in a rethinking of cultural and mental orders.

Keywords: self-identification, personality, group orientation, Japanese society, digitization.

 
Mikhailenko A.N.
Levels of development in bilateral international relations

There are various development stages in the levels of relations between the countries of the world: adversary, competitor, partner, ally and others. Each of the stages has its own threshold, which must be crossed in order to get to the next stage. The criteria for these thresholds have not yet been determined; the transition is carried out in the form of a political statement by the parties. Each of these stages is not a frozen reality; they all have their own trajectories of development. The evolution of movement along these trajectories requires further study. A progressive transition from one stage to another is observed during periods of stable historical development. In addition to the forward movement, there can be reversions. They are especially characteristic of periods of turbulence and formation of a new world order. Being at one or another stage of bilateral international relations presupposes a certain set of interrelationships, benefits, obligations and resources.

Keywords: adversary, rival, partner, strategic partner, ally, union state, formation of a new world order, threat, challenge, strategy, tactics, EAEU, NATO, OSCE.

 
Rovchak P.Yu.
Theoretical and conceptual approaches to Russia-Africa relations

In the face of global uncertainty, the best compass is a solid theoretical basis for action. Such a basis for building relations with Africa is the theories of decolonization. They explain the lagging position of the continent by colonialism - the civilizational model of the colonial powers- imposed on the indigenous ethnic groups and instilled in them as a result of enslavement.

When building relations with the countries of the continent, the concept of sustainable development looks like a priority. It contains a variety of goals that, in various ways, apply to all African countries without exception, despite their heterogeneity. As for Russia, the main vector of cooperation with the African continent is assistance to its countries in achieving sustainable development goals, since we have the possibilities of interaction on all the current 17 goals.

The main task of modern decolonization is to promote development with an emphasis on restoring Africa's own knowledge, values and worldview. The advantage of our positions lies in the absence of a colonial past and adherence to the ideas of justice, which are an integral part of the value system of the peoples of Russia and Africa.

Keywords: decolonization, colonialism, postcolonial theory, neocolonialism, postneocolonialism, sustainable development. theoretical approaches, Russia-Africa relations.

 
Russia's foreign policy in the context of the formation of a new world order

Currently, a new world order is being established. This is a very painful process. All changes in the world order took place as a result of wars. And now we hear more and more often about economic, informational, hybrid and other wars. The main reason for the change in the world order from unipolar to polycentric is the change in the balance of power in the world arena. This change must be accompanied by a strengthening of the position of developing countries in global governance. However, the Western countries are in no hurry to surrender some of their powers, tenaciously clinging to them. This problematic situation needs scientific understanding.

Keywords: discourse, order, formation, foreign policy, system.

 
Trofimova N.N.
Modern methods of improving the efficiency of project management

The article describes the main provisions and characteristics of the Scrum project management methodology. In this case, Scrum is used as a framework for working on products. The key elements of Scrum are revealed, the theory and values of this methodology are considered. The main advantages of this methodology and key disadvantages are analyzed. The list of possible difficulties of using the new system is given.

Keywords: Scrum, IT company, implementation, methodology, project management, efficiency, management.

 
Biryukov S.V.
SCO and the continuity of the traditions of Chinese diplomacy

Relations between Russia and China are acquiring a special quality and dynamics in the context of the persisting “global uncertainty” today. The strategic partnership of the two world powers, which had risen to a new qualitative level by the beginning of the third decade of the 21st century, is one of the “stabilization anchors” in a situation where the structure of the world order is unclear...

Keywords: SCO, Russia, China, international cooperation, Asia, instruments, ways of development, modernization.

 
Khalin S.M.
Ryabova E.I.
Science as the main productive force of modern and future society (ethical approach)

The monograph reviewed is devoted to the topical problem of normative regulation of scientific activity. There is an examine of methodological and ethical scientific activity’s norms, for example the norms of R. Merton CUDOS. There is making a differentiation between science and pseudo-science; disputing scientific criteria, including the socio-humanitarian cognition’s criteria. The special attention is given to the theme of scientist’s social responsibility, the necessity of ethical regulation of science; the problem of scientific creativity freedom as well too.

Keywords: scientific activity’s norms, ethos of science, fraud in science, scientist’s social responsibility, scientific values, ethical regulation of science, freedom of scientific creativity.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Biryukov N.G., Rostov State University of Economics (RINH), Associate Professor of Department of Foreign Languages for Humanities, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov-on-Don.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Department of Political Sciences and Technologies of the Siberian Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Novosibirsk); Senior researcher of Center for Russian studies at East China Normal University (Shanghai, PRC); Professor of Department of Political Sciences of National Research Tomsk State University (Tomsk); Professor of Department of History of Kemerovo State Medical University (Kemerovo).
Borisov A.N., PhD (Political Science), Head of UNESCO Department, Moscow State University of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Chernyshova L.V., Expert in public policy and political analysis. Head of ANO "Expert and Diagnostic Laboratory".
Dolgenko A.N., PhD in Philology, Head of the Department of the Russian and Foreign Languages. Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Hambardzumyan M.V., People’s Friendship University of Russia.
Karpova K.R., Master’s degree student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Khalin S.M., Doctor of philosophical Sciences, Professor. Department of Philosophy Tyumen State University.
Kogan O.S., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations, History and Oriental Studies, Ufa State Oil Technical University.
Mikhailenko A.N., Head of department of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Mikhaylova N.V., Doctor in Political Science, Professor, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Murashko S.F., PhD in Psychology, Professor of the Department of the Russian and Foreign Languages. Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Napso M.D., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of department of philosophy and humanities sciences, North-Caucasus state academy.
Polonchuk R.A., Post-graduate student of the Department of International Security and Foreign Policy Activity of the Faculty of National Security of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.
Rovchak P.Yu., Postgraduate student. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Rudakova S.V., PhD in Psychology. Associate Professor of the of the Department of the Russian and Foreign Languages. Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Ryabova E.I., Candidate of Political Science, International Expert, Practicing Lawyer, Specialist in Labor and Service Disputes.
Safonova A.I., Rostov State University of Economics (RINH), student of Department of Foreign Languages for Humanities, Rostov-on-Don.
Shashok L.A., Lecturer at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Tolmacheva E.I., Rostov State University of Economics (RINH), student of Department of Foreign Languages for Humanities, Rostov-on-Don.
Trofimova N.N., PhD in Economic, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Management of High-Tech Industries, St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation.