Etnosocium №9 (171) 2022

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP. DISCUSSION FORUM
 
Mikhailova N.V., Gabdullin K.A. The youth policy as a factor of national stability
9
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Daaev A.N., Ternovaya L.O. Sports politics against the backdrop of non-sports politics
19
Mironova T.A. Student contribution to the movement from inclusive education to inclusive culture and communication
29
 
REGIONAL STUDIES
 
Bakharev V.V., Shavyrina I.V., Kolosova E.R. Practices for managing the employment process of university graduates and their efficiency (regional aspect)
40
Kalabekova S.V., Kuhtareva O.A., Amirkhanyan V.G. Adaptive physical education and the formation of a healthy lifestyle as one of the priorities of modern education
48
Boyarskiy P.V. Combating social discrimination against migrants in schools in Russia
52
Marmontova T.V. Assessment of the potential border communications the Kazakhstan-Russian border region (example of Siberia)
58
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPSstrong>
 
Tolganbaeva G.A. The role of researchers in managing the transition to sustainable development: the Dutch model
70
Yue Qiang Regional mechanism for settlement of investment disputes within the SCO and Chinese options
79
Wang Xicong V. Makanin in China
86
Tambi S.A. Rapprochement between the Soviet Union and the Estonian Republic in late 1939 – the first half of 1940 (the case of the “Estonia – USSR” society)
91
Filatov O.V. Modern NATO information security framework
112
Zhang Xiaoling The development of moral education in the implementation of the course “Country Studies of China” - On the example of the Shanghai Political and Law University
122
 
ECONOMY
 
Trofimova N.N. Key trends in the implementation of the sustainable development goals
130
 
Abstracts
 
137
Authors
150
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
153

 

 

CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Member of the Council for Interethnic Relations under the President of the Russian Federation, Member of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher of the Center for Scientific Cooperation with Public Organizations, Mass Media and Government Authorities of the IEA named after N.N. Miklukho-Maclay RAS.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
Yudin V.I., Doctor of Political Sciences, international expert.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Mikhailova N.V.
Gabdullin K.A.
The youth policy as a factor of national stability

The article dwells on the state’s youth policy as a factor ensuring gradual development of the state. The author accentuates demographic aspects of the issue and their link to the key figures of the national economy. The author underscores the necessity of the state making targeted efforts at ironing social tensions among the youth and steady development of the national political system.

Keywords: youth policy, youth bulge, national stability, social stability, civil society.

 
Daaev A.N.
Ternovaya L.O.
Sports politics against the backdrop of non-sports politics

The article raises a problem that largely allows you to understand the specifics of the current geopolitical climate, since it makes it possible to understand the psychological characteristics of people climbing the political Olympus in their states, to see what is the source of their will, confidence, ability to communicate with ordinary citizens. Thanks to regular physical education and sports, most government officials not only maintain their efficiency, but also demonstrate important qualities of a political leader - the ability to achieve victory, work in a team, and contact voters. All this does not prevent them from pursuing a political course that should be called unsportsmanlike.

Keywords: international relations, history, politics, political leadership, healthy lifestyle, sport.

 
Mironova T.A.
Student contribution to the movement from inclusive education to inclusive culture and communication

The article presents an analysis of the possibilities that are revealed in the process of including the issues of inclusive education in the communicative field of modern students, which is considered as a manifestation of personal-activity learning. Based on this approach, not only conditions are created for full-fledged education in higher education for young people with health limitations, but for students without such restrictions, it expands the scope of application of their own knowledge, skills and communication skills aimed at helping and supporting students with diseases.

Keywords: communication, educational environment, higher school, inclusive education, student with disabilities.

 
Bakharev V.V.
Shavyrina I.V.
Kolosova E.R.
Practices for managing the employment process of university graduates and their efficiency (regional aspect)

Based on the results of a study conducted by the authors as part of a study of the management of the process of employment of university graduates in the region among students and undergraduates of Belgorod universities (N=800), the existing employment practices of university graduates and their effectiveness were analyzed. So, with a fairly active activity, the university Graduate Employment Assistance Centers are not considered by students as an effective channel for employment. Among the most significant areas of work in the framework of promoting employment, requiring closer attention, it is necessary to include work on mastering and using technologies and methods of employment, organizing all types of student practices from the position of further employment, monitoring the professional preferences of students, professional motivation, the possibility of fruitful cooperation with potential employers.

Keywords: labor market, employment, employment practices of university graduates, career guidance activities at the university.

 
Kalabekova S.V.
Kuhtareva O.A.
Amirkhanyan V.G.
Adaptive physical education and the formation of a healthy lifestyle as one of the priorities of modern education

In the modern world, there are many different ways to attract people to sports. The author devoted the article to one of the urgent problems of modern society - the preservation and strengthening of the health of the younger generation. The article also reveals the problem of adaptive physical education of children. The importance of adaptive physical education in strengthening the health of children and in the formation of a healthy lifestyle is shown. The methodology of the study was made up of ontological principles of dialectics, which allowed us to present the problem as an interconnected and unified whole.

Keywords: adaptive physical culture, healthy lifestyle, physical education lessons, educational activities, extracurricular activities.

 
Boyarskiy P.V.
Combating social discrimination against migrants in schools in Russia

World migration flows, mainly labor migration, are increasing every year. Labor migration is not only the migration of able-bodied citizens, but also their family members. Children of migrants are in need of school education and subsequently looking for work in the host country. The main obstacle in the adaptation and integration of migrant children is discrimination by peers, teachers, the state, etc. Thus, the search for effective mechanisms to combat social discrimination against children of migrants is a priority task of the migration policy of countries around the world.

Keywords: migration, children of migrants, discrimination, right to general education.

 
Marmontova T.V.
Assessment of the potential border communications the Kazakhstan-Russian border region (example of Siberia)

The strength of Siberia is basing on original regionalism, that expressed in special life condition of local population, defined love of freedom, the ability to make decisions and act outside of strict limits.

Modern Siberia is a formed region, which has both features of a functional and a homogeneous region. This fact showing high level of transit potential. Siberia is able to accept a lot, but it will change it as it is necessary to preserve its internal identity.

The study was financially supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, program-targeted funding BR10965282 "Kazakhstan-Russian border: historical context and new geopolitical reality".

Keywords: Siberia, Kazakhstan, region, border, continental curse, regional interactions, history, practice, international relations.

 
Tolganbaeva G.A.
The role of researchers in managing the transition to sustainable development: the Dutch model

The article deals with the important issue of changing the role of scientists in the process of transition to sustainable development. The author analyzes the Dutch approach, according to which success in achieving sustainable development goals is largely due to the change in the role of scientists. Namely, the transition from a “knowledge-first” approach to a “process-oriented” approach. Scientists are involved in transformations and transformations. Especially valuable is the role of scientists in the formation of social learning spaces - special types of social relations that arise when the knowledge of scientists and mechanisms for solving socially significant problems are combined. The article discusses such roles of scientists as change agent, knowledge broker, reflective scientist, self-reflective scientist, process facilitator.

Keywords: sustainable development, social transition, transition to sustainable development, sustainable development management, the Netherlands.

 
Yue Qiang
Regional mechanism for settlement of investment disputes within the SCO and Chinese options

The SCO is not only the world's largest comprehensive regional organization, but also the main invested China countries along the "Belt and Road". Since its foundation, after two decades of development, the SCO has occupied an important place in the political and economic structure of the Eurasian region. In 2022, it will be 15 years since the signing of the Agreement on Long-term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the SCO member states. Within the framework of this cooperation, investment cooperation within the SCO will become deeper and broader, investment and trade will continue to grow, and investment disputes will gradually intensify. Is it possible to resolve investment disputes effectively? Is the existing mechanism for settlement of investment disputes suitable for use in the region? This article is devoted to research on the above-mentioned issues and Chinese variants of the offer. These are the need to protect and promote the healthy economic and trade development of the SCO member States, the need for impartial, professional and effective settlement of investment disputes between the SCO member states, the need to meet the needs of commercial organizations of the SCO member states in protecting their own legitimate rights and interests, as well as the need to promote the high-quality development of joint construction of the Belt and Road”.

Keywords: SCO, investment disputes, Eurasian economy, Chinese variants.

 
Wang Xicong
V. Makanin in China

The article is devoted to a comprehensive study of the works of Chinese scientists studying the work of Vladimir Semyonovich Makanin, a representative of modern Russian literature, which became available to Chinese readers in the 80s of the XX century. Interest in Makanin's work in China can be conditionally divided into two stages. The first one (from 1980 to 2000) is considered to be the period of acquaintance of Chinese scientists with the work of Vladimir Semyonovich Makanin. The second stage (from 2000 to the present) represents a more in-depth study of the writer's work. Based on the analysis, the article analyzes a number of published studies on various aspects of the writer's life. The material presented in the work allows us to draw a conclusion about the attitude of Chinese scientists to the work of V. Makanin.

Keywords: V. Makanin, China, comparative analysis, translation, modern Russian literature.

 
Tambi S.A.
Rapprochement between the Soviet Union and the Estonian Republic in late 1939 – the first half of 1940 (the case of the “Estonia – USSR” society)

On the example of the diverse cultural activities of the Estonia – USSR Society, the paper describes keen interest of the citizens of the Republic of Estonia in Soviet Union’s culture, literature, art and music in late 1939 – the first half of 1940. The paper for the first time in domestic and foreign historiography comprehensively considers the process of creating a Society and its intense activities. The research traces the gradual rapprochement between the USSR and Estonia in the specified period.

Keywords: USSR, Estonia, history, culture, art.

 
Filatov O.V.
Modern NATO information security framework

Today, NATO is a military-political formation whose goal is to ensure collective security in the North Atlantic region. At the moment, NATO includes 30 states, while the organization does not regulate any fixed number of participants.

In addition, NATO is one of the main foreign policy rivals of the Russian Federation, so the study of its information infrastructure will allow us to assess the available resources and understand how the potential of our own information security structure is adequate to the means available to the North Atlantic Alliance. The purpose of the study is to analyze the NATO information security architecture. It is worth considering and evaluating the hierarchy of alliance bodies responsible for information support, as well as for maintaining information security. Based on this, conclusions can be drawn regarding the efficiency and compactness of this structure.

Keywords: NATO, information security, information management, North Atlantic Council, information structure, cyber security.

 
Zhang Xiaoling
The development of moral education in the implementation of the course "Country Studies of China" - On the example of the Shanghai Political and Law University

China Studies is a compulsory subject in Chinese and English taught at the Shanghai Politics and Law University for international students. This is a cultural course that will systematically introduce students to traditional Chinese politics, economics, culture, history and geography. The subject is an important link in the implementation of the goals of the reform of teaching and moral education of foreign students, not only for the Shanghai Political and Law University, but also for Chinese universities in general. The object of the article is the moral and educational potential of the study program "Country Studies of China". The article analyzes the practice and results of moral education, features and innovation of teaching the course at the Shanghai Political and Law University. The purpose of the article is to present a new research perspective on the teaching of specialty subjects, explore the education reform for foreign students in China, and improve the quality of education for foreign students in China.

Keywords: Regional studies of China, pedagogical practice, educational reform, teaching staff, moral education.

 
Trofimova N.N.
Key trends in the implementation of the sustainable development goals

The global economic crisis has become a “wake-up call” for politicians around the world. In recent years, one of the most serious financial and economic crises has been observed in different countries of the world, accompanied by a global employment crisis. As a result, the previously developed idea of a model of economic development and economic growth was questioned. At the same time, serious global trends, such as globalization and the growing welfare of the population, population growth and aging, environmental problems and limited natural resources, as well as technological changes that depend on the qualifications of workers, put additional pressure on the development of the economy of any country. Thus, the generally accepted and familiar rules of doing business become not quite working in such conditions and require innovative improvements and rethinking.

Keywords: sustainable development, ecology, economic equilibrium, free market, state regulation, global economic crisis, material footprint, distribution of world resources.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Amirkhanyan V.G., Teacher of the Department of Physical Training of the Voronezh Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of sociology, Professor of the Department of sociology and management of Belgorod state technological University.
Boyarskiy P.V., Principal (Director). Municipal budgetary educational institution of the Petrovsky secondary school named after the Hero of the Russian Federation D.V. Mezhuev.
Daaev A.N., International expert in sports law, Graduate of the University of Iowa, USA (University of Iowa, USA).
Gabdullin K.A., Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Filatov O.V., Graduate student of the Institute of Law and National Security of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Kalabekova S.V., Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Humanities of the North Caucasus State Academy.
Kolosova E.R., Senior lecturer of the Department of Foreign Languages of Belgorod State Technological University.
Kuhtareva O.A., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, branch in Pyatigorsk.
Marmontova T.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor, Higher School of Social Sciences and Humanities of Astana International University.
Mikhailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Mironova T.A., Senior Lecturer, Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University.
Shavyrina I.V., Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate professor of the department of sociology, ethnography and sociometry, Russian State Social University.
Tambi S.A., Master with knowledge of foreign languages of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Tolganbaeva G.A., Applicant for the degree of candidate of sociological sciences of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. Republic of Kazakhstan.
Trofimova N.N., Candidate of economic sciences, associate professor of the Department of Business Informatics and Management. St. Petersburg state university of aerospace instrumentation.
Wang Xicong, PhD student, Shanghai Jiaotong University (Shanghai).
Zhang Xiaoling, Doctor of Humanities, Associate Professor at the Institute of Languages and Culture (Institute of International Exchanges). Shanghai Political and Law University.