Etnosocium №8 (158) 2021

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Content

 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Ryabova E.I., Ternovaya L.O. The phenomenon of satirical parties and whether they have a future
9
Kretov S.M. The General Approaches to the Interpretation of the Concept of “Nation- and State-Building”
20
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Mikhailova N.V., Amiantova I.S., Nikoloz Bitsadze Gender politics as factor of political stability in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
31
Bajora A.F. To the question about the formation of Gagauz ethnos and their ethnonym
46
Zhang Liwei Linguistic competition of the leading powers in Tajikistan in terms of cultural “soft power”
58
Daaev A.N., Ternovaya L.O. Hybrid sport transformation: less athletics and more politics
81
Morozov Yu.A., Wang Pinke, Suzdaleva T.R. “Cultural Revolution” in China: the view of Chinese and Russian researchers
89
 
SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
 
Shinkarenko V.D. The limits of the development of world capitalism
97
 
ECONOMIC SCIENCES
 
Trophimova N.N. The need to improve the digital literacy of business leaders in the context of the systemic COVID-crisis
119
 
REVIEW
 
Zhang Xiaoling Traditional Chinese tea culture in a new perspective
128
Ouyang Meihe Conversation with masters of Chinese culture on the topic of tea culture in time and space
135
 
Abstracts
 
139
Authors
150
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
153

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Ryabova E.I.
Ternovaya L.O.
The phenomenon of satirical parties and whether they have a future

In the political life of different states and at different stages of their development, a similar phenomenon arises, consisting in the formation of parties of not just a laugh, but a clearly expressed satirical type. The history of such parties is more than a hundred years old and comes from the creation of the "Party of Moderate Progress within the Law" by the Czech writer Jaroslav Hasek. The emergence of such political structures can be a response to foreign policy challenges, when the ruling party does not adequately assess its own geopolitical capabilities. Often it is a response to internal political problems that cannot be resolved within the framework of the existing party model. The use of satirical parties is similar to the use of satire, which can make people think about their personal responsibility not only for their lives, but also for the fate of the state.

Keywords: politics, political culture, electoral process, political party, satire.

 
Kretov S.M.
The General Approaches to the Interpretation of the Concept of "Nation- and State-Building"

In the past few decades, in apparent contradiction to the processes of globalization, the world has seen a restoration of archaic forms of political interaction, for example, the actualization of ethnic identification. This phenomenon exacerbates the stability in the states, which historical development did not contribute to the achievement of national unity. In order to understand the problematics of internal processes in such polities, it is necessary to explore the theory of nation- and state-building.

Keywords: nation- and state-building, divided societies, national minority, political processes, political institutions.

 
Mikhailova N.V.
Amiantova I.S.
Nikoloz Bitsadze
Gender politics as factor of political stability in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

The article explores the issues of the realization of human rights and, in particular, the rights of women in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The authors analyze the main achievements of the state in the field of gender policy since 2001, which have been a guarantee for a stable political environment and sustainable development. The article studies the current state programs and ways of their implementation. For the accuracy of the assessment, quantitative and qualitative indicators of the Afghan state in the field of education, health care and availability to take part in political activity, have been used. Report also considers the cultural and social aspects that impede the successful implementation of the policies. As well as the fact of change of government and empowering of the radical Taliban movement, as a possible shift in state policy in the sphere of women's rights.

Keywords: human rights, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, gender policy of Afghanistan, gender equality, realization and protection of human rights, political stability.

 
Bajora A.F.
To the question about the formation of Gagauz ethnos and their ethnonym

The purpose of this article is to conduct a theoretical analysis of the historical motives and conditions for the formation of the Gagauz ethnos and ethnonym as essential topics of the historical process.

Ethnic processes play a crucial role in human communities' lives; therefore, it is necessary to understand these processes to minimize erroneous assumptions. If previously formed ethnic groups depended mainly on the material living conditions of social groups, now it is determined by the action of socio-political factors.

In ethnic processes, we can not deny the role of the subjective factor, in the literature is increasingly observed in anefficacious approach to understanding the essence of ethnic phenomena and the formation of culture and inclusive society.

The Republic of Moldova is a multiethnic state; since ancient times, there lived different peoples who differ in language, way of life, religion, traditions, and level of socio-economic development.

Ethnicity is the human community historically formed on a distinct territory, and they share a common language and spirituality. Any nation exists in a specific historical time; it can change its living area or even disappear. Some peoples who lived on the current territory of the Republic of Moldova (Thracians, Scythians, Goths, Bastarnians, Cumans, etc.) disappeared, dissolving into other ethnic groups.

Therefore, the ethnic groups do not disappear without a trace, and they transform into other ethnic groups; thus, based on the ancient Turkic or other populations, the Gagauz were born.

Keywords: ethnos, ethnonym, origin, Gagauz, Balkans, Budjak, Republic of Moldova, hypothesis.

 
Zhang Liwei
Linguistic competition of the leading powers in Tajikistan in terms of cultural "soft power"

The article examines the interrelated concepts of "language contact" and "language competition". It is proved that the competitiveness of the language determines the supremacy of the language, which is a symbol of the "soft power" of the country. The analysis of modern language competition in Tajikistan, reflecting a complex socio-communicative system, in which a multicomponent model of language policy is capable of functioning - competing language policy with different forms of existence of the Tajik, Russian, English, Chinese, Iranian and Turkish languages. The language strategies of the United States, Russia, China, Iran and Turkey in Tajikistan are compared, the problems of solving the promotion of the Chinese language in Tajikistan are identified, and well-founded proposals are proposed to increase the competitiveness of the Chinese language.

Keywords: language competition, language policy, Tajikistan, soft power.

 
Daaev A.N.
Ternovaya L.O.
Hybrid sport transformation: less athletics and more politics

The article is devoted to one of the aspects of the hybridization process that is actively developing in the modern world, which has affected many areas, including sports. Over the past century, the emergence of hybrid types of competitions in sports life reflected the desire to improve sportsmanship, overcome the one-sidedness of physical activity, add additional entertainment to competitions, and expand the number of their participants not at the expense of professional athletes, but amateurs. There was also a hybridization of sport and art, which is still preserved in such sports as figure skating or rhythmic gymnastics. Gradually, such a hybrid began to form, which combined sport and politics, making the latter the main criterion not only for sports victory, but also for the decision to admit athletes to competitions. However, in our technological time, there are signs of the birth of a new hybrid of sport and technology that can change the rules of the game and bring politics back to the spectator stands.

Keywords: geopolitics, state, sport, Olympic Games, boycott, isolationism.

 
Morozov Yu.A.
Wang Pinke
Suzdaleva T.R.
"Cultural Revolution" in China: the view of Chinese and Russian researchers

The article analyzes domestic and Chinese historiography on the problem of the "cultural revolution". The main views on its causes are highlighted. The article focuses on the contemporary works of Chinese authors.

Keywords: People's Republic of China (PRC), Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Mao Zedong, "cultural revolution", "theory of social conflict", history, youth.

 
Shinkarenko V.D.
The limits of the development of world capitalism

Capitalism, which arose in the depths of feudalism, has passed through several stages in its development. Modern neoliberal capitalism as a world system is in a deep crisis. Can we say that capitalism is being replaced by a new social system that is more just and perfect than the existing one? It is obvious that modern capitalism, despite the global crisis generated by it, is still capable of reforms and transformations. Any social system is finite in its inherent capabilities. Sooner or later, capitalism will exhaust all its internal possibilities and become history. What are the limits of the development of capitalism? What changes in the social, economic and political spheres will lead capitalism to exhaust its opportunities for reform? It is obvious that scientific and technological progress has led to the rapid development of capitalism, the transformation of social relations and the redistribution of sales markets on the world map. Physical labor has been replaced by a machine, as a result of which labor productivity has increased, the quality of products has improved, and the standard of living has increased. In the industrialized countries, the social policy of the state appeared as a social protection of the population. To understand the possible limits of capitalism, it is necessary to consider the features of capitalism that allow it to exist for more than 300 years due to internal reforms and win in the confrontation with socialism.

Keywords: society, social relations, capitalism, socialism, liberalism, social state, civil society, economic relations.

 
Trophimova N.N.
The need to improve the digital literacy of business leaders in the context of the systemic COVID-crisis

The article shows that the active use of digital services and devices during the pandemic encourages business leaders to improve their skills in using digital technologies, which in the near future will lead to an increase in digital literacy. The necessity of improving the digital literacy of enterprise managers is substantiated, which is especially relevant in the context of the systemic COVID crisis. The concept of digital literacy has been clarified. The application of the author's approach, based on the methods of scientific generalization, system and situational approach, allowed us to establish that digital literacy requires certain professional skills that are interdisciplinary in nature. The advantages of digital literacy of business leaders in a pandemic are highlighted. The mandatory functional skills in the field of digital literacy, which should be possessed by the heads of enterprises in the current situation, are highlighted.

Keywords: literacy, skills, digital literacy, digital skills, digital technologies, business leaders, systemic crisis, COVID-crisis, risks.

 
Zhang Xiaoling
Traditional Chinese tea culture in a new perspective

The science of tea culture is a complex discipline that studies the process of development, production and use of tea by mankind, as well as the totality of various ideas, beliefs, thoughts, feelings and ideologies that arise between man and nature, man and society. The article analyzes the different aspects presented in the book.

Keywords: tea, ceremony, China, traditions, guide, family, culture, society.

 
Ouyang Meihe
Conversation with masters of Chinese culture on the topic of tea culture in time and space

In the process of drinking tea, the Chinese pay attention to the tea ceremony, tea morality, tea spirit, tea art, etc., forming a unique tea culture. The article analyzes aspects of the views and information presented in the book.

Keywords: tea, master, tradition, culture, analysis, society, life.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Amiantova I.S., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).
Bajora A.F., Ph.D. in History. Postdoc, Center for Cold War International History Studies-CCWISH, East China Normal University (Shanghai, China).
Daaev A.N., International expert on sports law. University of Iowa, USA.
Kretov S.M., Ph.D. (Political Science) scholar, Department of Сomparative Politics, Moscow State University of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Mikhailova N.V., Doctor in Political Science, Professor, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).
Morozov Yu.A., Student of the Moscow State Technical University.
Nikoloz Bitsadze, Post-graduate student of the direction «Political Sciences and Regional Studies» profile «Political institutions, processes and technologies», Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Georgia, Tbilisi.
Ouyang Meihe, Professor, Research on Education Internationalization and Chinese Culture, Dean of School of International Communication and Exchange, Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, P.R. China.
Ryabova E.I., 2nd Class Lawyer, Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of theoretical and public law courses, Institute of Economics and Law (affiliate) educational institutions of higher education unions «Academy of Labor and Social Relations» in Sevastopol.
Shinkarenko V.D., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Economics and Management of the Institute of Economics and Law (branch) of the educational institution of trade Unions of higher education "Academy of Labor and Social Relations" in Sevastopol.
Suzdaleva T.R., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History, Moscow State Technical University.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Trophimova N.N., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Management of Science-Intensive Industries, St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation.
Wang Pinke, Student of the Moscow State Technical University.
Zhang Liwei, Shanghai University of Foreign Languages.
Zhang Xiaoling, Doctor of Sciences (Humanities), Senior Lecturer. School of Languages and cultures (School of international Communications and Exchange), Shanghai University of Political Science and law.