Etnosocium №9 (159) 2021

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Baglieva A.Z., Baglieva Z.Z. The ethno-national identity and mentality of the peoples of Dagestan is an important factor in the political stability of modern society
9
Nina Ramos Rocio Leonor Approaches of the leading world powers to the formation of a new world order
17
Trofimova N.N. span> Formation of digital culture as an innovative process of digital society development
29
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Ilarionova T.S. Russian germans on the internet: amateur interest in history
39
Makhmudov A.S. The category "institution" in the system of new institutionalism in political science
49
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Biryukov I.L., Denisova L.L., Pokhilko A.D. Value orientations of young people in the sociocultural context of youth policy
58
Fedirko O.P., Krupyanko A.A. Self-identification of the population of the modern Amur region (based on the materials of a sociological survey)
67
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Shen Xiaochen Evolution of the United States’ strategic perception on the Central Asia
76
Jozef Hrabina Predators and preys: predation as strategy for conquest
88
Ouyang Meihe, Zhou Yi An overview of the study of foreign students coming to China during the 13th five-year plan of the Shanghai University of Politics and Law
101
Evsuykov A.A. Assessment of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on transnational corporations
113
Zhang Xiaoling Tea Scene in traditional Chinese tea culture: definition, characteristics and functions
121
 
Abstracts
 
128
Authors
141
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
145

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Baglieva A.Z.
Baglieva Z.Z.
The ethno-national identity and mentality of the peoples of Dagestan is an important factor in the political stability of modern society

The relevance of the article lies in the philosophical awareness of the ethno-national identity of the Dagestan peoples, which plays an important role in stabilizing the political situation in the North Caucasus, a determining factor in social development — social, economic, spiritual. The article analyzes the concept of ethnic identity, ethnic self-consciousness in the aspect of determining a person's belonging to a particular ethnic group, as well as as a reflection of the multiplicity of levels of self-consciousness. The ethnic identity of Dagestanis is a combination of the following components: language, ethnic territory, ethnogenetic legends and myths, traditions, customs, mountain etiquette, the whole spectrum of elements of everyday, spiritual and behavioral culture.

Keywords: self-consciousness, mentality, ethnos, ethnonational, polyethnic, consolidation, self-identity.

 
Nina Ramos Rocio Leonor
Approaches of the leading world powers to the formation of a new world order

In modern conditions, there are processes of transformation of the world political paradigm aimed at the genesis of a new world order. In these conditions, the foreign policy vector of key political actors in world politics is focused on building a world order that most closely meets their national interests. The article shows that the key goal of the US foreign policy vector is to maintain its influence in the world political arena, which creates the need to form a world based on rules. A world based on rules, as interpreted by the United States, presupposes compliance by all countries of the world community with the rules that are established on the basis of international organizations by the leading countries of the world, led by the United States.

At the same time, the European Union is implementing a foreign policy vector aimed at implementing the concept of a multilateral world, which involves the involvement of all countries of the world in the processes of developing global solutions, subject to the agreed rules of conduct by these countries. The European Union itself should become the generator of these rules.

China's foreign policy is also focused on the formation of a multilateral world order, which is reflected in the concept of a community of the common destiny of mankind. The concept was based on China's soft power policy and the formation of a balance of bilateral interstate relations on a mutually beneficial basis.

Russia's foreign policy vector is focused on the formation of a polycentric world order based on the full rights of key actors in world politics in the process of implementing global governance.

Today there is a tendency to form a new center of power in Latin America. The largest country in the region is Brazil, which has the greatest potential to form a regional center. Brazil's foreign policy is focused on building a multipolar world, where Brazil itself should become the center of Latin America. The key here is the factor of successful regional integration, thanks to which the countries of Latin America will be able to take higher positions in the rating of international competitiveness, strengthen their positions in the world economy and politics.

Keywords: world order, unipolar world, world based on rules, paradigm, polycentric world, multilateral world.

 
Trofimova N.N.
Formation of digital culture as an innovative process of digital society development

The article discusses the concepts of digital transformation and digital culture as integral processes of digitalization of society and the economy. The author emphasizes that in conditions of highly dynamic changes, in order to ensure competitiveness, enterprises need to quickly adapt to external changes, including consumer preferences and market requirements. However, the traditional form of corporate culture is one of the key barriers to digital transformation. The urgency of creating a digital culture within the organization is emphasized. The advantages of digital culture in comparison with the traditional model are highlighted. The main ways of achieving the competitiveness of an organization through digital culture are described. The indicators are formulated, with the help of which it is possible to assess the level of development of digital culture. The key problems that management faces when trying to transform organizational culture are highlighted. It is proved that a sign of high digital culture and digital maturity of enterprises is the vision and understanding of the context of digital transformation, and the formation of digital culture as a key factor of transformation is a complex and ambiguous process. The scientific novelty and practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the author highlights the most important characteristics of an effective corporate culture of enterprises in modern conditions.

Keywords: digitalization, digital maturity, digital culture, business efficiency, corporate culture.

 
Ilarionova T.S.
Russian germans on the internet: amateur interest in history

The Internet for the peoples of Russia is also an ethnocultural space, where it is possible to satisfy various needs and interests. For Russian Germans throughout the entire post-war period, the problem of the perception of the past, the assessment of the deportation that Soviet citizens of German nationality experienced during the Great Patriotic War remain acute. Along with professional historians, a significant number of amateur sites, blogs, publications on social networks about the past and present of the people have appeared on the network.

The purpose of the study is to determine the points of contact between the official (registered) press of Russian Germans and user publications on the history of the people repressed in Soviet times. It is concluded that today the professional media of Russian Germans are guided by public and political interests, while user activities tend to satisfy private interests. We can talk about a kind of stratification of official and unofficial media, there are parallel information spaces that count on attracting different audiences. But this can hardly be assessed negatively.

Keywords: Russian Germans, media activity, history of Russian Germans, websites of Russian Germans, mass media of Russian Germans.

 
Makhmudov A.S.
The category "institution" in the system of new institutionalism in political science

The institutional methodology of political research, especially its new offshoot (new institutionalism), is a popular trend in the modern system of social sciences. This article will focus on the definition of the category "institution" in the system of new institutionalism. This is due to the fact that more and more research in the social sciences is oriented towards an interdisciplinary approach, and therefore it is important for us to systematically analyze the institution as a new research paradigm.

Keywords: institutionalism, new institutionalism, political science, theory of politics, political theory.

 
Biryukov I.L.
Denisova L.L.
Pokhilko A.D.
Value orientations of young people in the sociocultural context of youth policy

Based on the material of field research, changes in the value orientations of young people associated with the ideas of patriotism, spirituality and cultural identification are considered. The direct subject of study is the issues of educational work with young people at the junction of such scientific disciplines as political theology, sports politics and philosophy of sports. A review of the main indicators of the study of the spirituality of athletes is carried out, general patterns and trends in the development of value orientations of young people in five regions of Russia are analyzed. Theoretical conclusions are made that the dynamics of politicization of young people, their desire for personal self-development are manifested. The results obtained can be applied in theoretical modeling of the cultural policy of small groups, as well as in applied work with students in the regions.

Keywords: patriotism, spiritual values, political culture, value orientations of youth, youth policy.

 
Fedirko O.P.
Krupyanko A.A.
Self-identification of the population of the modern Amur region (based on the materials of a sociological survey)

The article is devoted to the study of the results of a sociological survey conducted in the Amur Region from April 2020 to September 2021 in order to assess the self-identification of the population of the modern Amur Region. Using the basic methods of sociological research: quantitative research and in-depth interviews, the authors analyzed the answers to three groups of questions related to the definition of ethnic identity, readiness for migration and self-identification with the proposed group.

Keywords: self-identification, ethnicity, migration, Amur Region, sociological survey.

 
Shen Xiaochen
Evolution of the United States’ strategic perception on the Central Asia

The strategic perceptions could be a valid even critical version to investigate the evolution and development tendency of United States strategy for Central Asia. The five strategic documents from late 1990’s to 2020 revealed two lines of strategic perception evolution during the 30 years’ history of United States’ engagement in the Central Asia: one is the “Eurasian strategy-Afghanistan Strategy-Central Asian Strategy” line surrounded by its perception on Central Asia’s strategic role; and the other one is the “Eurasia Economic Strategy-Afghanistan Economic Strategy-Central Asian Security Strategy” line of how United States perceived of Central Asia’s strategic function. Two lines had joined together for the first time in the “United States Strategy for Central Asia 2019-2025” which enacted on February 5th, 2020, the latest one of five strategic documents, reflected a fundamental change in United States’ strategic perception on the Central Asia that it will initiate a proactive strategy era in this area.

Keywords: United States’ Central Asia strategy, Strategic Perception, Strategic Role, Strategic Function.

 
Jozef Hrabina
Predators and preys: predation as strategy for conquest

The article deals with the recently introduced Predation Theory as the Power Transition Theory expansion that illuminates the reasoning behind rising states predation and possibly the status quo revision. Manuscripts' main aim is to point out that predation is not only behavior implied by rising states toward decliners, but also other great powers engage in predatory policies as strategy for conquest. Findings of the study demonstrate the predation versatility in cases of ascending actors aiming to expand, established predatory hegemons and actors aiming to prevent their decline. Therefore, the central argument is being tested on the case studies of ascending great power- the 19th century U.S., established hegemon - the 20th century U.S., and declining revisionist state- contemporary Turkey. With that said, the case study is the manuscripts' primary research method. Simultaneously, the Power Transition Theory, Hegemonic Stability Theory and Neoclassical Realism are the central paradigms that can be found in the article.

Keywords: geopolitics, great powers, structure, expansion, revisionism, neoclassical realism.

 
Ouyang Meihe
Zhou Yi
An overview of the study of foreign students coming to China during the 13th five-year plan of the Shanghai University of Politics and Law

On September 13, 2013, at the 13th meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that China would establish a Center for International Legal Training and Cooperation for the SCO (China) at the Shanghai Political and Law University, using this platform to legal training for other member states. Based on this spirit, during the 13th five-year plan in the field of training foreign students coming to China, the Shanghai Political and Law University pays special attention to the SCO countries, actively imagined and acted, prepared talents with the "six qualities of C" and an international vision. This article examines the training of foreign students coming to China from the Shanghai Political and Law University during the 13th Five-Year Plan, analyzes the achievements and existing problems in the work of teaching foreign students during the 13th Five-Year Plan, and puts forward new ideas for further development in the future.

Keywords: 13th Five-Year Plan, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, training of foreign students coming to China, Shanghai Political and Law University, Center for International Legal Training and Cooperation for the SCO (China).

 
Evsuykov A.A.
Assessment of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on transnational corporations

The article examines the factors caused by the Covid-19 pandemic and their impact on the activities of TNCs, considers aspects of the response mechanisms of public authorities in the context of a pandemic. A method for classifying TNCs according to their ability to adapt to changing conditions is proposed, and the accelerated process of digitalization caused by the need to introduce quarantine during a pandemic is estimated.

Keywords: transnational corporations, business structures, pandemic, nation-states, world politics, world economy, government regulation, digitalization, artificial intelligence, TNCs, quarantine.

 
Zhang Xiaoling
Tea Scene in traditional Chinese tea culture: definition, characteristics and functions

As one of the integral part of Chinese traditional culture, Chinese tea culture plays a prominent role in understanding and spreading Chinese culture all over the world. The widespread of Chinese tea culture may contribute to the global community’s better understanding of Chinese tea history as well as the national history of China. It has positive influence on shaping a diversified and aesthetic Chinese national identity, and improving Chinese people’s culture confidence and the status of Chinese tea culture in the international tea community. In this paper, the author takes the tea space as the research object. More specifically, the research will focus on the concept, basic characteristics and main functions of the Tea Scene (Cha Xi in Chinese) in Chinese tea culture space. As the key to understand the quintessential expression of aestheticism of tea culture in traditional Chinese tea ceremony, Tea Stage is a quite popular form of tea culture expression and activity in Chinese tea culture in recent years. This paper aims to define the concept of Tea Stage and analyze its characteristics and functions as well.

Keywords: China, tea culture, Tea Scene, aesthetics, space, function.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Baglieva A.Z., Associate Professor of the Department of Socio-Humanitarian Disciplines of the Dagestan State Pedagogical University.
Baglieva Z.Z., Associate Professor of the Department of Humanities of the State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Dagestan State University of National Economy”, Candidate of Historical Sciences.
Biryukov I.L., Postgraduate student of Armavir State Pedagogical University.
Denisova L.L., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Armavir State Pedagogical University.
Evsuykov A.A., Applicant for the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian Peoples' Friendship University". Deputy Commercial Director of PJSC “NPP Radar-MMS”, Saint Petersburg.
Fedirko O.P., Doctor of Historical Sciences. Leading Researcher of the Social and Political Studies Department. The Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography.
Ilarionova T.S., Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.
Jozef Hrabina, Graduate Student of the faculty of International Relations. Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Senior analyst of the Council of Slovak Exporters.
Krupyanko A.A., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher of Department of Expert Works. Scientific Production Centre of the Historical and Cultural Expertise Limited liability company.
Makhmudov A.S., Senior Lecturer, Department of Law and Political Science. Dagestan State Technical University. Member of the Scientific Council of the peer-reviewed journal “The Power of History”. Expert of the Regional public organization to support social city programmes “The city in the XXI century”.
Nina Ramos Rocio Leonor, Postgraduate student, Department of International Security and Foreign Policy of Russia, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Pokhilko A.D., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Law and Social Sciences and Humanities, Armavir State Pedagogical University.
Shen Xiaochen, Doctor of Doctor of Law, Assistant Researcher, Shanghai University of Political Science and Law. Shanghai, China.
Trofimova N.N., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor. Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation.
Ouyang Meihe, Professor. Shanghai University of Politics and Law (Shanghai, China).
Zhang Xiaoling, PhD, Senior Lecturer of the School of Languages and cultures, Shanghai University of Political Science and law.
Zhou Yi, Senior Lecturer. Shanghai University of Politics and Law (Shanghai, China).