Etnosocium №3 (153) 2021

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Piskarev M.S., Remarchuk V.N. Social meaning: role and significance in the modern world
9
Burda M.A., Mikhaylova N.V., Grishin O.E. Migration policy of Russia: activities of non-governmental organizations in the context of ensuring political stability
19
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Trofimov V.A. Innovative and analytical aspects of the development of state policy in Russia
27
Karatueva E.N. Psychological terrorism as a means to achieve political goals
35
Chapkin N.S. Geopolitics of sports: a didactic view
51
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Fazdalova Ramziya Kazan in Russia’s "eastern policy"
59
Ipatov A.N. Military conflicts of the XXI century as a result of confrontation between land and sea countries
65
Chernyshova L.V., Kogan O.S. Partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurship
76
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Ryabova E.I., Ternovaya L.O. 150 years later: on the benefits of the Paris Commune's experience in education
95
Melnikova Y.D. Features of the institute of city manager in the USA
103
Borisov A.N. Features and implementation of trade policy in Russia
110
Yeralhan Daulet International cooperation in the frame of implementation and promotion of the "one belt, one road" initiative in central Asia in the context of the consequences of COVID-19
117
Chernyshev R.S., Rashkovan A.A. Cyberspace - a new area of military action in international relations
134
 
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
 
Verdiev O.R., Kolomytsev A.S., Radov K.S., Tugarin S.V. Information and computer support of internal affairs bodies
141
Verdiev O.R., Kolomytsev A.S., Radov K.S., Tugarin S.V. Computer technologies in the marketing system
146
 
LEGAL SCIENCES
 
Bekirova F.S. Constitutional and legal regulation of changes in the status and composition of the subjects of the Russian Federation
151
 
Abstracts
 
156
Authors
173
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
177

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of national and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Piskarev M.S.
Remarchuk V.N.
Social meaning: role and significance in the modern world

“Insights rule the world”. This quite evident statement has acquired great significance particularly under the conditions of the snowballing information growth. That is the reason why the proposed article investigates the concept of insights under present-day conditions. The special attention is given to the social insights which begin to play an important part in the life of the social community with the approval of the information society. In this article the process of insights generation in human consciousness and in the social community as a whole has been described. The process, the complexities and the problems in passing the insights from one man to another are considered. The influence potential of the insights is revealed and their vulnerable spots in the society are identified. The factors providing the use of insights by manipulators are mentioned separately, that is especially urgent under the conditions of information society and information confrontation.

Keywords: insight, social insights, individual insights, manipulation, manipulator, information, interpretation, insights age, human’s consciousness, human’s way of thinking, communication, information society.

 
Burda M.A.
Mikhaylova N.V.
Grishin O.E.
Migration policy of Russia: activities of non-governmental organizations in the context of ensuring political stability

The article examines the features of the participation of the activities of non-governmental organizations in the formation and implementation of the migration policy of modern Russia. The active participation of civil society institutions in the development of state policy is now becoming one of the conditions for political stability. At the same time, the authors focus on the possibility of using non-governmental organizations by a third party within the framework of the “Soft power” technology implementation. The study examines the process of institutionalizing the activities of non-governmental organizations in the field of migration, provides a range of their competencies. The authors pay special attention to the problems of adaptation and integration of migrants into Russian society.

Keywords: migration, migration policy, adaptation and integration of migrants, civil society institutions, political stability, soft power.

 
Trofimov V.A.
Innovative and analytical aspects of the development of state policy in Russia

The article theoretically substantiates innovative and analytical aspects of the development of state policy in Russia. The main features of information and analytical support of integration processes are revealed; the specificity of innovative state policy is displayed, the ways of its development are outlined.

Keywords: state policy, information and analytical support, political analytics, integration, innovative development.

 
Karatueva E.N.
Psychological terrorism as a means to achieve political goals

Throughout its existence, humanity has faced various manifestations of terrorism, among which the most" non-lethal", but no less dangerous, is psychological terrorism. As an independent type of extremism, it can take a variety of forms and be expressed in direct psychotronic influence on the human body in order to encourage it to certain specified actions; suggestion through psychological manipulation of the consciousness of both an individual and mass communities with the use of appropriate ideological state propaganda.The article is devoted to the study of the mechanisms of manifestation of the main types of psychological terrorism from the "soft" gradual suggestion of " set "values to the "hard" psychological suppression of the individual. The author studies the methods of psychological influence used by various organizations from religious sects to state structures in historical retrospect, during periods of overt or covert political confrontations.

Keywords: psychological terrorism, psychotronic terrorism, political gossip, political rumor, bullying, mobbing, fear.

 
Chapkin N.S.
Geopolitics of sports: a didactic view

In our time, not only new spheres of human activity appear, but also new educational areas associated with the need to study such activities in secondary or higher education, as well as in various structures of additional education. The general increase in attention to the problems of a healthy lifestyle, physical culture and sports, the transformation of the latter into a "soft power" of the geopolitical impact of powerful sports powers on the rest of the world gave rise to new disciplines, including the subject "Geopolitics of Sports". However, it is necessary to apply new didactic approaches to such new disciplines, which should clearly reflect the characteristics of the material being studied.

Keywords: pedagogy, high school, didactics, educational literature, transdisciplinarity, geopolitics, sports.

 
Fazdalova Ramziya
Kazan in Russia’s "eastern policy"

Taking Tatarstan as a case, the article analyzes the role of Russian regions in Russia’s Eastern foreign policy, which is currently a national priority. Within the framework of a centralized foreign policy, the regions play a predominantly instrumental role, and the role of Tatarstan is mainly associated with the development Russia-Islamic relations and the support of compatriots abroad. From the standpoint of regional elites, Tatarstan is interested in a more active and diversified role in building external relations, especially in the economic sphere. Realizing the potential of the regions in the development of foreign policy requires more developed mechanisms for coordinating regional and federal interests and resources.

Keywords: Russia’s foreign affairs, Russia’s eastern policy, Russia-Asia relations, regional foreign relations, Tatarstan, subnational diplomacy.

 
Ipatov A.N.
Military conflicts of the XXI century as a result of confrontation between land and sea countries

The article is devoted to the issues of the collision of sea and land civilizations, the fundamental law of geopolitics about the endless war for the coastal zone. The main military conflicts of the XXI century — Yugoslavia, Iraq, Afghanistan are considered taking into account their final political component. It is shown that modern local military conflicts arise in the coastal zone. The ways of increasing the political influence of Russia on the world stage through the creation and participation in alliances with other countries, as well as specialized research institutions on foreign policy issues.

Keywords: geopolitics, coastal zone, civilization of the sea, civilization of the land, military conflict.

 
Chernyshova L.V.
Kogan O.S.
Partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurship

The article is devoted to such a topical topic as public-private partnership and its potential as a resource for the development of enterprising. The article examines the theoretical aspects of the interaction between the state and business in the modern world, and how they form the practical core of development. The authors identify the factors that determine the functioning of the interaction between the state and business in modern Russia on the basis of economic and political interest. It is concluded that the partnership between the state and business as a strategic resource for the development of entrepreneurial activity in modern Russia has a place to be. The development of the public-private partnership system takes place in a systematic way. The number of forms of implementation of public-private partnership projects in Russia is predominant in relation to foreign developed countries. The authors of the article state that despite the abundance of forms of implementation of public-private partnership projects in Russia, today there is a low level of support from the state and business for projects that are focused on mutual partnership, while it is possible to observe an increase in the number of projects in the countries of the European Union. The authors of the article conclude that the improvement of the public-private partnership system in Russia should be due to the implementation of systemic modernization changes in the socio-economic and political reality of the state. However, due to the current institutional uncertainty and the lack of clear answers to questions regarding the definition of models for the future of political relations in the medium and long term, plans for further improvement of public-private partnerships remain vague. In conclusion, the authors of the article summarize the conclusion that the establishment of partnership relations between the state and business is an important and systemic task of various parties of the political and economic system of the modern Russian Federation.

Keywords: public-private partnership, entrepreneurship, business, import substitution, market, competition, subsidiarity.

 
Ryabova E.I.
Ternovaya L.O.
150 years later: on the benefits of the Paris Commune's experience in education

150 years have passed since a short period when in France, during the Franco-Prussian War, in besieged Paris, its inhabitants tried to implement an incredible social experiment for that time, establishing the Paris Commune. Despite the fact that it lasted only 72 days, its actions affected the fundamental aspects of the social order, including the problems of public education.

Keywords: history, education, revolutions, self-government, social experiment.

 
Melnikova Y.D.
Features of the institute of city manager in the USA

This article is devoted to the study of the role of the city manager institution in the American local government system. While this institution is gaining more and more popularity in the United States, overseas the model when the city manager is hired rather than selected, has proved to be ineffective in some European countries and in Russia. An elected politician is accountable to the population and has a certain legitimacy, but on the other hand, there are fears that for the sake of re-election, the incumbent mayor may use his influence to bribe voters, and may also be involved in corruption. In turn, the city manager is independent of lobbying groups, politically neutral and, as a rule, is a specialist in the field of management. However, the implementation of this model requires a high level of civil society development and the availability of opportunities for the city manager to receive feedback from the population.

Keywords: local government, city manager, civil society, management efficiency.

 
Borisov A.N.
Features and implementation of trade policy in Russia

Significant changes are taking place in world trade: on the one hand, due to the acceleration of technological changes, the composition of traded goods and services is changing, on the other hand, forms of interaction are being updated, thereby significantly transforming the roles and positions of different countries. Modern trends in the development of world trade are characterized by uncertainty and decoherence, and relations between countries are characterized by a growing conflict. Recently, governments have begun to lean more toward the need for strategic trade policies that support mutual relationships between firms in the broad sense and their individual sectors in a narrower sense. In difficult conditions, including ambitious tasks of technological and economic development, Russia needs to find a new place in the world economy.

Keywords: foreign economic activity, world trade, trade policy, international economy, import, export.

 
Yeralhan Daulet
International cooperation in the frame of implementation and promotion of the "one belt, one road" initiative in central Asia in the context of the consequences of COVID-19

This article is referring to the peculiarities of international cooperation in the framework of the implementation and promotion of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative in the countries of Central Asia in the context of the consequences of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. The author provides a short description of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative, and also analyzes the main aspects of the impact that the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has had on the economy of China and Central Asian countries. The author briefly describes the problems faced by China and the countries of Central Asia in the current period of time, focusing on the fact that the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has had an extremely negative impact on certain aspects of international socio-economic and political cooperation in this area. The author also analyzes the measures that are being implemented by China and the Central Asian states in order to minimize the negative consequences of the coronavirus pandemic on the multilateral relations between the states within the framework of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative. While describing modern international cooperation in the analyzed sphere, the author highlights that since the spring of 2020, both China and the countries of Central Asia are making all possible efforts to ensure that international cooperation within the framework of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative continues. In conclusion of the analysis, the author summarizes that international cooperation in different areas is the key at this stage of the development of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative, paying special attention to the fact that both China and the Central Asian countries are aimed at long-term and productive cooperation in this direction.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, initiative, international cooperation, socio-economic relations, politics, threat, state, quarantine, economy, characteristics.

 
Chernyshev R.S.
Rashkovan A.A.
Cyberspace - a new area of military action in international relations

This article examines such an important and relevant factor in international relations as cybersecurity. The authors put forward the idea that cyberspace today is the same full-fledged sphere of military operations as the land, sea or air familiar to everyone. On May 5, 2019, the Israel Defense Forces launched a rocket attack on the building that housed alleged hackers of the Palestinian group Hamas. This event became the first major international precedent in which actions on the Internet became a pretext for conducting a military operation. Hacker hacks and attacks on computer networks of governments of various states become a pretext for political manipulation, the introduction of economic sanctions and discussion of these issues at the highest levels.

The article attempts to study the issue of the attitude of countries to the issue of cybersecurity using the example of the largest player in the international arena - the United States and the political bloc NATO. Over the past ten years, the United States of America has been actively developing its policy in this area and creating special separate cybernetic troops with many units for ground, air and sea forces, and NATO countries perceive an attack in cyberspace on one of the members of the military-political bloc as an act of attack on allies.

Keywords: cybersecurity, cyberspace, international relations, world politics.

 
Verdiev O.R.
Kolomytsev A.S.
Radov K.S.
Tugarin S.V.
Information and computer support of internal affairs bodies

The article deals with the basics of information and computer support for internal affairs bodies. At the present time, information and computer support is used in all areas of activity, including in the activities of law enforcement agencies. Employees of the Department of Internal Affairs use information and computer software to perform official tasks. The article analyzes the most frequently used information and computer systems, identifies their advantages and disadvantages, and determines the possibilities of using these systems.

Keywords: police, internal affairs bodies, information and computer technologies, investigator, investigator, advantages, disadvantages.

 
Verdiev O.R.
Kolomytsev A.S.
Radov K.S.
Tugarin S.V.
Computer technologies in the marketing system

Modern marketing cannot develop without the use of modern computer and network technologies. The article analyzes the most frequently used computer technologies in the activities of marketers. The article presents the features, advantages and disadvantages of computer programs. The use of computer technologies in the marketing system significantly reduces the time, labor, preparation and distribution of advertising messages.

Keywords: marketing, audience, computer technologies, competition, business, artificial intelligence.

 
Bekirova F.S.
Constitutional and legal regulation of changes in the status and composition of the subjects of the Russian Federation

The Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993 established the federal structure of Russia as a part of 89 subjects of the Federation. The most important task of the state-building of the Russian Federation is to ensure the unity of the territory of the federation, to preserve its state integrity, including by modernizing the composition of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: Constitution, federation, subject of the Russian Federation, constitutional and legal status of the subject.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Bekirova F.S., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Legal Disciplines. North Caucasus State Academy.
Borisov A.N., PhD (Political Science), Head of UNESCO Department, Moscow State University of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Burda M.A., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor of Political Science and Political Management of the Institute of Social Sciences Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Chapkin N.S., Leading Head of IT Technologies, international publishing center "Ethnosocium".
Chernyshova L.V., Expert of public policy and political analysis of the UN, Head of ANO "Expert and Diagnostic Laboratory".
Chernyshev R.S., Master. Saint-Petersburg State University.
Fazdalova Ramziya, PhD student, Beijing Foreign Studies University (China).
Grishin O.E., Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Ipatov A.N., Post-graduate student of the faculty of social Sciences and Humanities of Bauman Moscow State Technical University, adviser to the Director of the Department of property and land relations of the Yaroslavl region.
Karatueva E.N., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Management of Socio-Political Processes and History of the Faculty of Management and Rural Development of St. Petersburg State Agrarian University.
Kogan O.S., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations, History and Oriental Studies, Ufa State Oil Technical University.
Kolomytsev A.S., Siberian Federal University, Artificial Intelligence Systems.
Melnikova Y.D., Postgraduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Mikhaylova N.V., Doctor in Political Science, Professor, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Piskarev M.S., Student of Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Radov K.S., Siberian Federal University, Artificial Intelligence Systems.
Rashkovan A.A., PhD student. Saint-Petersburg State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Doctor of Phylosophy, Professor. Dean of the Department of “Social and Humanitarian Sciences”, the Head of the Subdepartment of “Information Analytics and Political Technologies” at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Ryabova E.I., Candidate of Political Sciences, Deputy Director for Academic and Educational Work, Institute of Economics and Law (Branch), educational institutions of higher education unions «Academy of Labor and Social Relations» in Sevastopol. Developer and teacher of advanced training courses for public affairs of employees in the city of Sevastopol. Leading expert on labor and official disputes.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Trofimov V.A., Regional representative-expert of the International Publishing Center "Ethnosocium".
Tugarin S.V., Siberian Federal University, Artificial Intelligence Systems.
Verdiev O.R., Siberian Federal University, Artificial Intelligence Systems.
Yeralhan Daulet, PhD student of the School of International Relations and Public Affairs of Shanghai International Studies University.