The Power Of History – The History Of Power. Volume 6. Issue 7. № 25. 2020

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Content

 
THE WORLD HISTORY
 
Editorial. Ryabova E.L., Ternovaya L.O. Building a culture of social management
960
Kulabukhova M.A., Zhirov M.S., Kulabukhov D.A., Zenin S.N. «Russian European» N.V. Stankevich: the phenomenon of personality and intellectual and creative heritage
970
 
NATIONAL HISTORY
 
Aleshin P.N. Features of the organization of Zemstvo medicine in the great Russian and foreign provinces of the Russian empire in the second half of the XIXth century
983
Makedonskiy A.V. The activities of the cultural and educational institutions of the Red Army in the 1920s
994
Botnev S.V. Coverage of the losses of the Armed Forces of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) in the historiography of the «pre-perestroika» period (February 1946 - the first half of the 1980s)
1008
Goncharov A.V. Crimean Republican ExtraordinaryCommission on investigation of the crimes committed by Nazi invaders and their accomplices (1944–1945)
1023
Yanush S.V., Khablieva L.Ch., Vorotnikova M.V. Documents on the activities of the Emergency Republican Commission to establish and investigate the atrocities of the German-fascist invaders and their accomplices and the damage they caused to citizens, collective farms, public organizations, state enterprises and institutions of the North Ossetian Republic
1032
 
ETHNOGRAPHY, ETHNOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
 
Darchiev A.V., Darchieva S.V. The three-legged horse of the nart legends in handwritten materials by E.G. Pchelina
1050
Bimbasov R.G. Methods, mechanisms and forms of exposure on the public consciousness of the population in north Ossetia
1060
Gavrilyuk N.P. Migration of the population in conditions of the armed conflict on the banks of the Dniestr and the formation of a modern ethnonational picture of the Transnistria
1069
Devyatov R.S. The modern model of cultural policy in the Russian Federation
1080
 
Abstracts
 
1090
Authors
1095
 

  

EDITORIAL BOARD
Deputy. Chief Editor and Project Manager: 
Rybakov S.V., Doctor of historical sciences, professor of the history of Russian Ural Federal University.
 
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, Head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Ivakin G.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Expert.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Dolgenko A.N., Doctor of Philology. Head of the Department of Russian and Foreign Languages at the Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Naumova G.R., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the A.M. Vassilevsky Soviet Union.
Varsonofiev V.V., Candidate of Political Science, Military expert.
Chapkin S.V., Honorary Academician, President of the “Academy of Ecology and Law”.
Kondratyev V.V., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Center for retraining and advanced training of universities IDPO FGBOU "KNITU" (Kazan National Research Technological University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Vrajnova M.N., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University (MADI).
Tihonov A.K., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of History, Archeology and Local History of the Humanitarian Institute of the Vladimir State University, chairman of the Union of Local History of the Vladimir region.
Konuchenko A.I., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of Russia and foreign countries of Chelyabinsk State University.
Honali Kurbonzoda, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Rector of the «National Institute of professional development and training of educators».
Platonova N.M., Doctor of Historical Sciences. Associate Professor of the Department “Theory and History of State and Law” of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Far Eastern State University of Communications” (Khabarovsk).
Klimenko D.A., Candidate of Philology, specialist in Italy.
Nagornova E.V., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages at the Institute of Foreign Languages of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Nikashina N.V., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages, Institute of Foreign Languages, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.

 

 

Abstracts
Ryabova E.L.
Ternovaya L.O.
Building a culture of social management
The modern world can be imagined as a network, in the threads of which processes and phenomena of different spheres of life are intertwined and connected. They are usually studied by various sciences. However, the interconnectedness of many aspects of reality requires an equally integrated approach to understanding both the essence of the changes taking place in society as a whole and to each individual person, as well as analyzing the details of these transformations, since from the slightest advance, even in an insignificant element of the entire social structure, waves can go out that cause indignation. and sometimes the destruction of the entire system. The article analyzes the possibility of combining the subject fields of sociology, management theory and cultural studies and the formation of a new scientific direction - the culture of social management.
Key words: management, managerial culture, managerial activity, culture, management culture, managerial culture of a leader, professional culture, value, organizational culture, social phenomenon.
 
Kulabukhova M.A.
Zhirov M.S.
Kulabukhov D.A.
Zenin S.N.
"Russian European" N.V. Stankevich: the phenomenon of personality and intellectual and creative heritage
The article presents the stages of biography and the beginning of phenomenal identity N. Stankevich (1813 – 1840), one of the outstanding figures of Russian social thought in the first half of the nineteenth century philosopher, poet, educationalist, moral authority, founder of the famous literary-philosophical circle, "a person's thoughts and heart", the champion of the Russian Europeanism, the thinker, who in his experienced way of the search for truth and beauty, the study of the metaphysics of freedom was moving, referring to the heritage of outstanding scientists of the past (primarily the works of German philosophers); a connoisseur of art who sincerely believed in all the transforming powers of beauty.
Key words: Nikolai Vladimirovich Stankevich, Motherland, Russia, europeism, German philosophy, spiritual and creative potential, personal self-improvement, spiritual and cultural experience, intellectual and creative heritage, beauty, art, poetry, romantic ideal.
 
Aleshin P.N.
Features of the organization of Zemstvo medicine in the great Russian and foreign provinces of the Russian empire in the second half of the XIXth century
In the history of the Russian state, self-government has played an important role and actually existed throughout its development. But self-government acquired a special status after the introduction of zemstvo bodies, the functions of which were much broader than those ones which had already existed. One of the most important areas of the activity was the formation of the zemstvo health system. The medical institutions, which existed before, were very few in number, with a small territorial coverage and caused negative impressions among the population. But the need for a network of medical institutions was very great, it was caused, first of all, by various epidemics (typhoid, cholera), which covered regions with a numerous peasant population. There were many problems for the zemstvo: from solving personnel issues to finding buildings for hospitals. Initially, the traveling system of providing qualified medical care prevailed, when a doctor came to a certain settlement on a schedule and examined the patients, the rest of the time work with patients was concentrated in the hands of paramedics. But this practice was not effective. Since the mid-1880th zemstvo moved to the system of inpatient medical care, with the opening of zemstvo hospitals, maternity hospitals, infectious diseases hospitals, vaccination centers and laboratories. The coverage of territories and patients has increased significantly, this led to a decrease in mortality, an increase in the influence of doctors on the population and an increase in the authority of the zemstvo as a whole.
Key words: zemstvo self-government, zemstvo medicine, doctors, hospitals, traveling system, patients, hospitals.
 
Makedonskiy A.V.
The activities of the cultural and educational institutions of the Red Army in the 1920s
The article is devoted to the analysis of the work of the cultural and educational institutions of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army in the 20s of the XX century. On the basis of numerous archival sources, the scale and variety of this type of ideological activity in units, subunits and garrisons is shown. The most significant areas of cultural and educational work of the Red Army clubs, Lenin's corners (rooms), Red Army Houses are considered, the types, means and forms of this work are shown, achievements and shortcomings are revealed. The activity of the libraries of the Red Army was also analyzed, its positive and negative aspects were noted. The conclusion says that many components of the activities of the cultural and educational institutions of the Red Army in the 1920s formed the basis for cultural and leisure work in the clubs of military units, information and leisure rooms for units, officers 'houses and officers' clubs, military libraries of the modern Russian army. For example, in the Houses of Officers and officers' clubs such time-tested forms of mass work as lectures, performances, concerts, film screenings, excursions, exhibitions, evenings of questions and answers, etc. are successfully used.
Key words: Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, cultural and educational work, cultural and educational institutions, Red Army clubs, Houses of the Red Army, libraries of the Red Army, Lenin's corners, servicemen, political education, anti-religious propaganda, strengthening military discipline, providing combat training.
 
Botnev S.V.
Coverage of the losses of the Armed Forces of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) in the historiography of the "pre-perestroika" period (February 1946 - the first half of the 1980s)
This article examines the coverage of data on the losses of the Armed Forces of the USSR during the years of the Great Patriotic War in Soviet historiography in the period from 1946 to the early 1980s. The author analyzes cases of information leaks in the open press, as well as a number of hints and indirect assessments from scientists, political and military leaders. It is concluded that in Soviet historical science, despite censorship and strict ideological control, the losses of the Soviet Armed Forces since the 1960s were assessed more realistically than in the work currently claiming to be official, "The secrecy stamp has been removed" (1993) and her subsequent reprints.
Key words: Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, human losses, captivity, historiography, censorship.
 
Goncharov A.V.
Crimean Republican Extraordinary Commission on investigation of the crimes committed by Nazi invaders and their accomplices (1944–1945)
The article is devoted to the remained insufficiently studied activities of the Crimean Republican Extraordinary Commission for the identification and investigation of atrocities committed Nazi invaders and the damage they caused to citizens, collective farms, public organizations, state enterprises and institutions of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which worked from 20th of April to May 1945. The article is based mainly on archival sources from the fund of this organization (SARC. F. R–1289), stored in the State Archive of the Republic of Crimea.
Key words: Great Patriotic war, Crimea, occupation, Nazi crimes, Crimean Republican Extraordinary Commission on investigation of the сrimes.
 
Yanush S.V.
Khablieva L.Ch.
Vorotnikova M.V.
Documents on the activities of the Emergency Republican Commission to establish and investigate the atrocities of the German-fascist invaders and their accomplices and the damage they caused to citizens, collective farms, public organizations, state enterprises and institutions of the North Ossetian Republic
The article examines the activities of the emergency Republican Commission to establish and investigate the atrocities of the German-fascist invaders and their accomplices and the damage they caused to citizens, collective farms, public organizations, state enterprises and institutions of the North Ossetian Republic. The authors introduce into scientific circulation documents that allow us to show the creation and activities of this Commission.
Key words: Great Patriotic war, occupation, Nazi crimes, North Ossetian Republican emergency Commission for establishing and investigating the atrocities of the Nazi invaders.
 
Darchiev A.V.
Darchieva S.V.
The three-legged horse of the nart legends in handwritten materials by E.G. Pchelina
The article examines the manuscripts by E.G. Pchelina dedicated to the study of the image of the three-legged horse in the Ossetian Nart sagas. An analysis of her previously unpublished archive works makes it possible to trace the changes that took place in Pchelina's interpretation, and reveals both controversial points and valuable observations that help us find a solution of the issue at hand.
Key words: E.G. Pchelina, the three-legged horse, sanctuary Rekom, ground burial Sokhta, hippocampus, the Nart epic.
 
Bimbasov R.G.
Methods, mechanisms and forms of exposure on the public consciousness of the population in north Ossetia
The article is devoted to the analysis of the features of coverage of Ossetian issues in the media. The study found that, in the course of influencing the consciousness of the masses during the war, the propaganda bodies paid special attention to mass types of work and interaction with citizens. In particular, work was carried out in the form of meetings, meetings, lectures, conversations, windows were installed on the streets and radio was used.
Attention is focused on the fact that bodies conducting political propaganda said that rallies and meetings aimed at educating citizens play a huge role. Another important type of campaigning activities carried out in wartime by the propaganda services in the course of creating the public consciousness of people inhabiting North Ossetia is presented by lectures and reports.
Archival documents claim that universal radio listening has also become widespread because it has helped to some extent reduce the negative impact of messages from the front. People could discuss news, exchange experiences and points of view, which is most important at the very beginning of the war. This all contributed to the formation of a sense of unity and readiness to help.
Key words: North Ossetia, mass media, mass media, society, USSR, technologies, public consciousness, agitation, propaganda.
 
Gavrilyuk N.P.
Migration of the population in conditions of the armed conflict on the banks of the Dniestr and the formation of a modern ethnonational picture of the Transnistria
Annotation: The article attempts to analyze the features of the formation of the national picture of the Transnistrian Moldavian Republic in the context of the development of migration processes. The specificity of the study lies in the author’s approach to the analysis of historical events on the banks of the Dniester River, including the Transnistrian conflict, as the main factor influencing the change in the national policy of the two territorial-administrative units, the movement of the population both within states and beyond.
Key words: migration processes, emigration, immigration, the Transnistrian Moldavian Republic, the Transnistrian conflict, language war.
 
Devyatov R.S.
The modern model of cultural policy in the Russian Federation
The article deals with the modern model of cultural policy in Russia; the characteristics of the strategy of cultural policy in the Russian Federation are considered and its features are justified. It is concluded that the existing prerequisites for a decrease in the role of nation states and the fact that globalization has created a cultural context for the rapid and effective exchange of cultural content, entails inevitable changes in the very attitude of the state and society to culture.
Key words: cultural policy, models of cultural policy, strategy of cultural policy, Russian Federation.
 
 
 
Authors
Aleshin P.N., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor. Bashkir State University (Sterlitamak branch).
Bimbasov R.G., Graduate Student. Khetagurov North Ossetian State University.
Botnev S.V., Candidate of Law, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Legal Disciplines, IGSU Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.
Darchiev A.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher, V.I. Abaev North Ossetian Institute for Humanitarian and Social Research, VSC RAS (Vladikavkaz).
Darchieva S.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher, V.I. Abaev North Ossetian Institute for Humanitarian and Social Research, VSC RAS (Vladikavkaz).
Devyatov R.S., Expert of the Foundation for Support of Interethnic Culture and Public International Relations.
Gavrilyuk N.P., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of History of the Institute of History and Law, Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State University.
Goncharov A.V., Postgraduate student of the Faculty of History of the Taurida Academy of the Crimean Federal University named after V.I. Vernadsky.
Khablieva L.Ch., Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor of the Department of Russian History of the Khetagurov North Ossetian State University.
Kulabukhova M.A., Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Culturology, Science of Science, Belgorod State Institute of Arts and Culture.
Kulabukhov D.A., PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Work, Belgorod State National Research University.
Makedonskiy A.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the State University for Land Management.
Ryabova E.L., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, International Publishing Center.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vorotnikova M.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
Yanush S.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Humanities and Socio-Economic Disciplines of the A.K. Serov Krasnodar Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots.
Zenin S.N., Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Directing Theatrical Performances and Events, Associate Professor of the Department of Directing Theatrical Performances and Holidays, Belgorod State Institute of Arts and Culture.
Zhirov M.S., Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor of the Department of Folk Singing Art, Belgorod State Institute of Arts and Culture, Honored Worker of Culture of the Russian Federation.