Etnosocium №12 (150) 2020

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Content

 
COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP
 
Rodionov M.A., Volkova T.A. Political leaders of states during the Second World War (countries - participants of the "Great alliance")
9
Olifirenko E.P. Theoretical foundations and practice of implementing measures to prevent extremist crimes
33
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY
 
Polonchuk R.A. Methods for research and forecasting of military potential and its elements
42
 
REGIONAL STUDY
 
Panferova E.V., Shelispanskaya E.V. Psychological features of adaptation potential of young police officers
53
 
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
 
Borishpolets K.P. Nationalism in world politics: adapting to current changes in the international arena
61
Umerov D.A. Foreign experience of harmonizing strategy and tactics in foreign policy
70
Shashok L.A. Ethnoreligious identity in the ideology of the Taliban movement in 1994-1996
79
 
CONFERENCE
 
Kondratyev V.V. Current state and prospects of Russian-Iranian cultural and humanitarian cooperation in the Caspian Region
91
Komleva E.A. Promising areas of scientific and practical cooperation between Russia and Iran in order to ensure the energy transition
99
 
REVIEW
 
Biryukov S.V., Ponomarenko B.T. Evolution of the radical Islamist Taliban movement: from its founding to the present day
106
 
Abstracts
 
111
Authors
120
Requirements to materials submitted to the international publishing house "Etnosocium"
123

 

 

ADVISOR
Belousov A.P.,  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Economic Issues.
 
CHIEF EDITOR
Ryabova E.L.,  Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Social Sciences, Professor.
 
 
EDITORIAL BOARD
 
LEADING RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Ozerov V.A., Candidate of Legal Sciences, Representative public authority of the Khabarovsk region.
Zorin V.U., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Public Council of the Russian Federal Migration Service.
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, member of the Council for Interethnic Relations of the President of the Russian Federation.
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, State Advisor of the 1st class.
Mihailova N.V., Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management PFUR, Doctor of Political Sciences.
Mikhaylenko A.N., Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vlasov V.I., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 3rd class.
Staskov N.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, military and political expert, Lieutenant-General.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vassilevsky.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ilarionova T.S., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, General Director of the Institute of energy of knowledge.
Pokaninova Y.B., Doctor of Philosophical sciences, PhD in Sociological sciences, Academician RANS.
Kondrashihin A.B., Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of Economics and Management of the Academy of Labour and Social Relations, Sevastopol.
Fotina L.V., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, State Advisor of the 2nd class.
Abramov V.L., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Research Center of International Economic Relations in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of «State regulation of the economy», the International Institute of Public Administration and Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Academy of Natural Sciences.
Bakharev V.V., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State University.
Danakin N.S., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of The Belgorod State Technological University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Remarchuk V.N., Dean of the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences», The Bauman University, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor.
Bormotova T.M., Doctor of Sociology, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Chief Researcher at the Research Center №1.
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPOSITION
Don Anselmo Santos, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Madrid.
Dobrov P.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Academician, member of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Historical Sciences, Dean of the Historical Faculty of Donetsk National University, Honored worker of education of Ukraine.
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Solonin K.Y., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of St. Petersburg State University, Professor of the Institute of Chinese classics, Chinese People’s University. Beijing.
Maurizio Negri, President of the Union of folklorists of Italy, Member of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Horhe Marti Martinez, Ambassador. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador.
Graeme Stowers, Political scientist, expert, UK.
Gulzar Ibrahimova, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Hikmet Koras, Professor of the Omer Khalisdemir University. Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.

 

 

 

Abstract
Rodionov M.A.
Volkova T.A.
Political leaders of states during the Second World War (countries - participants of the "Great alliance")

A retrospective study of the features of the functioning of the military-political elites of the states that won the Second World War was carried out. The main attention is paid to the activities of the leaders of the “big three” states both in the pre-war period and during the war.

Keywords: political administration, war, geopolitics, state and military administration, military-political elites, information confrontation, intelligence operations, cold war.

 
Olifirenko E.P.
Theoretical foundations and practice of implementing measures to prevent extremist crimes

Russian legislation guarantees citizens of our country protection from criminal attacks, including extremist ones. Currently, there is a tendency to increase this type of crime, as evidenced by official statistics. This article is devoted to the disclosure of the characteristic features of extremism, the study of the theoretical foundations of state policy to counter extremist crimes. Results: a characteristic of extremism is given and analysis of the current state of the domestic legal framework is carried out for a more complete understanding of the features of the negative phenomenon under consideration.

Keywords: extremism, crimes of extremist orientation, extremist organization, counteraction to extremism.

 
Polonchuk R.A.
Methods for research and forecasting of military potential and its elements

The article discusses the main methods of studying the military potential of the state. Based on the analysis of domestic and foreign sources, the author considers predictive methods for studying the military potential of the state. The most frequent methods used by domestic and foreign think tanks to assess the military potential of the state have been identified.

Keywords: national security, research, forecasting, methods, methodology, model, military construction, state potential.

 
Panferova E.V.
Shelispanskaya E.V.
Psychological features of adaptation potential of young police officers

In connection with the changes occurring in all sectors of the country's life that are of an innovative nature, the question of studying the peculiarities of the socio-psychological adaptation of employees of organizations is particularly acute. The problem of increasing the adaptive capacity for those workers who have to carry out their service in constant stressful conditions is highly significant. This category of employees includes law enforcement officers. The professional activities of employees of internal affairs bodies imply constant adaptation to the new conditions of service, increasing requirements for the volume and quality of solving service tasks. In this regard, monitoring the adaptation characteristics of police officers is necessary throughout their entire service life in the system of internal affairs bodies.

Keywords: professional activity, adaptation potential, young police officers.

 
Borishpolets K.P.
Nationalism in world politics: adapting to current changes in the international arena

The current situation suggests an additional comprehension of the role of nationalism as an actor in world politics. The relevance of this topic is due to the growth of nationalist challenges in all regions of the world and the uncertainty of the prospects for overcoming contradictions on national grounds. At the same time, nationalism at the beginning of the 21st century as an ideological and political project differs in its characteristics from traditional formats.

Keywords: world politics, nationalism, universalism, globalization, integration, global governance.

 
Umerov D.A.
Foreign experience of harmonizing strategy and tactics in foreign policy

The countries of the world and integration unions pay great attention to the combination of the strategy and tactics of their foreign policy activities. The lack of coordination between them causes serious damage to national interests of any country. Therefore, in foreign countries, various means and methods are used to harmonize the strategy and tactics of their foreign policy. An information policy is being carried out to make population understand the need of current government actions in the context of long-term trends. Institutional systems are being created whose task is to combine strategic goals and tactical actions. An example of such a system is the Strategic Foresight created within the European Union. Quantitative instruments are being developed to measure the relationship between strategic goals and governments’ tactical actions. An example of such a tool is the Five Connectivity Index used by China in developing the Belt and Road Initiative. This experience may be of considerable interest to Russia.

Keywords: strategy, tactics, Germany, European Union, China, demography, infrastructure, Strategic foresight, Five Connectivity Index, Belt and Road Initiative.

 
Shashok L.A.
Ethnoreligious identity in the ideology of the Taliban movement in 1994-1996

This article is devoted to the analysis of factors that influenced the radical Islamic «Taliban» movement (currently considered a terrorist organization and banned in the Russian Federation) from 1994 to 1996. The combat capabilities and prerequisites for the transformation of a religious movement into a political entity are analyzed from the standpoint of ethnic and religious factors. Particular attention is paid to the Pashto issue and the consideration of the basic principles of tribal interaction in Afghanistan.

Keywords: Afghanistan, Taliban, radicalism, fundamental Islam, ethnos, civil war.

 
Kondratyev V.V.
Current state and prospects of Russian-Iranian cultural and humanitarian cooperation in the Caspian Region

The article provides an overview of Russian-Iranian cultural and humanitarian cooperation in 2019-2020. The article analyzes the current state and prospects of development of cooperation between Russia and Iran in the field of science and education, culture and art in the Caspian region.

Keywords: cultural and humanitarian cooperation, the Caspian region, science, education, culture, art, Associations of state universities of the Caspian States.

 
Komleva E.A.
Promising areas of scientific and practical cooperation between Russia and Iran in order to ensure the energy transition

The author describes common drivers for Russia and Iran that lead these countries to energy transition. The energy directions, development of which within the framework of Russian-Iranian cooperation could stimulate the process of energy transition in two countries, are identified. It is proposed to create an additional communication platform for the organization of stable research and development links between Iran and Russia, with subsequent activation of energy transition in the Caspian region.

Keywords: energy cooperation, energy transition, Russian-Iran interaction, innovations in oil&gas sector.

 
Biryukov S.V.
Ponomarenko B.T.
Evolution of the radical Islamist Taliban movement: from its founding to the present day

It is known that Islamic extremism is one of the main causes of the global terrorist threat. For more than four decades, this problem has been especially acute and urgent for the Republic of Afghanistan. In the monograph Shashok L.A. presents the results of a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of the radical Islamist movement "Taliban", the existence and activities of which occupy one of the central places in the modern history and modern life of Afghanistan.

Keywords: Taliban, religion, politics, role, history, results.

 
 
 
AUTHORS
Biryukov S.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, School of advanced international and area studies at the East China Normal University (ECNU) (Shanghai, China).
Borishpolets K.P., Candidate of Political Science, Professor of the Department of World Political Processes of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Komleva E.A., Russian Energy Agency of the Russian Ministry of Energy. Chief Specialist of the Department of International Affairs.
Kondratyev V.V., Information and Analytical Portal «Kaspiyskiy Vestnik», Editor (Astrakhan).
Olifirenko E.P., Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the North Caucasus State Academy.
Panferova E.V., PhD in Psychology, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy. Tula State Pedagogical University.
Polonchuk R.A., Post-graduate student of the Department of International Security and Foreign Policy Activity of the Faculty of National Security of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.
Ponomarenko B.T., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Rodionov M.A., Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor of Department of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Shashok L.A., Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Shelispanskaya E.V., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate professor of Psychology and pedagogics department. Tula State Pedagogical University.
Umerov D.A., Graduate student of the faculty of national security, The Russian Presidential academy of national economy and public administration.
Volkova T.A., Head of the Department of Legal Support for the Own Activi-ties of the Legal Department of JSC "Leader".