The Power Of History – The History Of Power. Volume 8. Issue 3. № 37. 2022

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Content

 
NATIONAL HISTORY
 
Vasiliev F.M., Suzdaleva T.R. Partisan movement during the Great Patriotic War
10
Kurkov V.V. The East and the Russian province: the intersection of destinies in the history of Kaluga
18
Dolakova M.M. Financial policy of the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century in the coordinates of the regional dimension
26
 
THE WORLD HISTORY
 
Gribanova G.I., Yudin V.I. The evolution of Japan’s state policy towards the indigenous Ainu people in the context of the country’s arctic policy
32
 
ETHNOGRAPHY, ETHNOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
 
Kolupaev D.V. The humane grandson of a militant grandfather
48
 
HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDIES, METHODS OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH
 
Gorokhov V.M. Reflection of the wars of memory in the documentary evidence of the genocide of the Russian people during the great patriotic war (on the example of the memorial to the victims of fascism in the Zmievskaya beam of Rostov-On-Don)
65
Dolgenko A.N., Kosyreva M.S. Functional and stylistic characteristics of the consumer lexicon in the modern Russian language
79
Bocharov V.Y. Insurance fund - as a guarantor of the safety of metric books of the Moscow region
86
 
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY
 
Dronov M.V. NATO political preparations for intervention in Libya in 2011
93
Ternovaya L.O. The meanings of ergonyms in international relations
103
 
Abstracts
 
122
Authors
127
 

  

EDITORIAL BOARD
Deputy. Chief Editor and Project Manager: 
Rybakov S.V., Doctor of historical sciences, professor of the history of Russian Ural Federal University.
 
Mikhailov V.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Honored worker of science of Russia, Head of the Department of political analysis and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Ivakin G.A., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Expert.
Dolgenko A.N., Doctor of Philology. Head of the Department of Russian and Foreign Languages at the Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Naumova G.R., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Nikonov A.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, State Councellor of the 1st class, the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Nechiporenko V.S., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ponomarenko B.T., Honoured worker of higher education, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Letunovsky P.V., Doctor of Political Sciences, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of the department of Humanitarian, Social and Economic Disciplines of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Army Air Defense Military Academy named after the Marshal of the A.M. Vassilevsky Soviet Union.
Varsonofiev V.V., Candidate of Political Science, Military expert.
Chapkin S.V., Honorary Academician, President of the “Academy of Ecology and Law”.
Kondratyev V.V., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Center for retraining and advanced training of universities IDPO FGBOU "KNITU" (Kazan National Research Technological University).
Boltenkova L.F., Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor.
Ignatov I.S., Candidate of Political Sciences, senior advisor of justice.
Vrajnova M.N., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University (MADI).
Tihonov A.K., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of History, Archeology and Local History of the Humanitarian Institute of the Vladimir State University, chairman of the Union of Local History of the Vladimir region.
Konuchenko A.I., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of Russia and foreign countries of Chelyabinsk State University.
Honali Kurbonzoda, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Rector of the «National Institute of professional development and training of educators».
Platonova N.M., Doctor of Historical Sciences. Associate Professor of the Department “Theory and History of State and Law” of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Far Eastern State University of Communications” (Khabarovsk).
Klimenko D.A., Candidate of Philology, specialist in Italy.
Nagornova E.V., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages at the Institute of Foreign Languages of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Nikashina N.V., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages, Institute of Foreign Languages, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.

 

 

Abstracts
Vasiliev F.M.
Suzdaleva T.R.
Partisan movement during the Great Patriotic War
The article analyzes the main conditions in which partisan detachments were formed and operated on the territory of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War. The composition of both detachments and the forces opposing them, the weapons used and interaction with the local population are considered. The forms and methods of their struggle against the fascist invaders are show.
Key words: Great Patriotic War, partisan detachments, underground, sabotage, feat.
 
Kurkov V.V.
The East and the Russian province: the intersection of destinies in the history of Kaluga
The article is devoted to a historical review, based on materials from regional archives, of the problem of the presence of a large number of exiles and Muslim prisoners of war in Kaluga and the Kaluga province as an actual direction in the study of the relationship of the Russian province with the countries and peoples of the East. The author presents a wide historical geography of this phenomenon: the Caucasus, Crimea, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, the Volga region, the Urals, the Ottoman Empire, Iran, as well as a number of prominent representatives of the East involuntarily found themselves on Kaluga land, including the last Crimean Khan, the Georgian queen, the Khan of the Younger Zhuz of Kazakhstan, the famous Imam Shamil, the Chechen sheikhs of the Qadiriyya tariqa and the founder of the Communist Party of Turkey.
Key words: Kaluga, Kaluga province, regional archives, prisoners of war and exiled Muslims, Caucasus, Crimea, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Ottoman Empire.
 
Dolakova M.M.
Financial policy of the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century in the coordinates of the regional dimension
The article discusses the regional dimension of financial regulation in the second half of the 19th century, points out the features of the formation of a system of non-state commercial banks, shows the role of public banks in the implementation of the tasks of the urban economy, identifies the key points of interaction between central and regional financial authorities.
Key words: financial policy, public banks, credit system, city budget, treasury chambers, ministry of finance, collection of fees, treasury.
 
Gribanova G.I.
Yudin V.I.
The evolution of Japan's state policy towards the indigenous Ainu people in the context of the country's arctic policy
The article examines the evolution of the policy of the Japanese state in relation to the indigenous Ainu people. Based on the political and legal analysis of the main legislative acts concerning the Ainu, the most significant changes that have occurred in this area of government policy have been revealed, and the basic reasons for such changes have been identified. The authors conclude that they are based not so much on internal as on external factors, the main of which are, on the one hand, fundamental changes in the attitude of the world community to the problem of indigenous peoples, on the other hand, Japan's deep interest in strengthening its position in the Arctic, the need for close cooperation with the Arctic Council, which is impossible without official recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples.
Key words: arctic council; Japan, indigenous peoples, permanent participants, Ainu, legislature, ethnic policy, human rights, culture.
 
Kolupaev D.V.
The humane grandson of a militant grandfather
Historical events taking place in Russia always bear the imprint of the personal destinies of their participants. In particular, it is difficult to restore the role in the political development of the country of those persons whose reputation is largely determined by the deeds of their ancestors, who have obscured the personalities of their direct descendants with their unfading glory. The personality of A.A. Suvorov is practically unknown to the characters of the Russian historical process for modern Russian historiography.
Prince of Italy, Count of Rymnik Alexander Arkadyevich Suvorov (1804-1882) is the grandson of the great Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov. His father, Major General Arkady Alexandrovich Suvorov (1784-1811), died early, during the Russian–Turkish War of 1806-1812. His death was quite ridiculous. Having survived during the fighting, Major General Arkady Suvorov drowned in the very Rymnik River, after which the count's title was formed, granted to his father by Catherine II for the brilliant victory over the Turks in 1789. The wagon of the Major General overturned while crossing the Rymnik, which overflowed during the spring flood. Saving his coachman Arkady Alexandrovich Suvorov broke his arm, and because of this he could not get to the river bank and drowned in its waters. So the seven-year-old grandson of the great commander was left an orphan. A.A. Suvorov's mother came from the family of Princes Naryshkin, that is, she was a distant relative of the Romanov dynasty.
A.A. Suvorov was one of the outstanding people of Russia in the XIX century. He was a representative of the reform wing of the Russian elite, who well understood the nature of the systemic crisis in which Russia found itself and comprehended ways out of it. In his public speeches, in practical matters, Prince A.A. Suvorov tried in every possible way to identify ways to create a civil society in the country, to create an atmosphere of universal creativity aimed at accelerating changes in public administration in Russia. However, unlike his grandfather, his abilities were not in demand, his talent was not realized. A.A. Suvorov's abilities clearly dissonated with the reality of imperial Russia.
Key words: prince, A.A. Suvorov, constitutional movement in Russia in the middle of the XIX century, Velikoruss, committee, reforms in Russia in 1860, democratic movement in Russia in the middle of the XIX century.
 
Gorokhov V.M.
Reflection of the wars of memory in the documentary evidence of the genocide of the Russian people during the great patriotic war (on the example of the memorial to the victims of fascism in the Zmievskaya beam of Rostov-On-Don)
The article presents the results of a study, the main purpose of which was to study the problem of the correctness of the main document on mass graves at the Second Zmeevsky settlement on the northwestern outskirts of Rostov-on-Don (Zmievskaya Balka) during the Second occupation of 1942 – 1943. The main purpose of these studies is to verify the prevailing ideas about the events of the period of the Second Occupation of the city of Rostov-on-Don, which is necessary to preserve the historical memory of the events of the Great Patriotic War. The importance of conducting such studies, the results of which make it possible to give a new character to previously formed images of war, is extremely important for excluding from the evidence base certain historical documents that have signs of legal incorrectness. In general, the task of the study should be considered to be the search for a solution to the problem associated with the reflection of the events of military history, affecting the ways of forming historical memory, significant for society's awareness of the processes of modern development and having a significant impact on the policy of many states.
Key words: Great Patriotic War, genocide, mass graves, Zmievskaya beam, correctness of historical documents.
 
Dolgenko A.N.
Kosyreva M.S.
Functional and stylistic characteristics of the consumer lexicon in the modern Russian language
The article is devoted to the analysis of the functional and stylistic features of the consume vocabulary of the contemporary Russian language. Consumer vocabulary is represented by separate lexico-semantic groups, associated with these or other aspects of consumer culture: household appliances, clothing, shoes, food, etc. This lexicon has a pronounced international character and represents borrowings from the global English language. The authors demonstrate the functional and stylistic features of the consume lexicon on the example of the lexical groups "clothes" and "shoes".
Key words: dialogue of cultures, linguistic globalization, modern Russian language, international words, terminology.
 
Bocharov V.Y.
Insurance fund - as a guarantor of the safety of metric books of the Moscow region
Metric books located in municipal archives are the most valuable source of information for studying the history of the Moscow region of the XIX - early XX century. They cover the period from 1781 to 1919. Different times are reflected with different completeness: less fully in the early years, more fully in the late XIX – early XX centuries. The history of the formation of metric accounting begins with the XVII century, when the practice of keeping metric books in the Russian Empire received the first legislative formalization in the decisions of the Great Council in 1666-1667. The article discusses all aspects of the preservation of metric books of the late XVIII and early XX centuries of the Moscow region and the creation of a single insurance fund. The scientific novelty of the study consists in a comprehensive analysis of the weather configuration and parish affiliation of metric books, as well as genealogical information of assembly records. The article shows the crisis situations associated with the creation of an insurance fund of metric books of the cities of the Moscow region and the integrity of the original source.
Key words: metric books, genealogy, history of the region, fund dispersion, systematization, collection.
 
Dronov M.V.
NATO political preparations for intervention in Libya in 2011
The article clearly shows how the "West" and, first of all, the United States are forcing the Libyan leadership to make political concessions. At the same time, the Libyan leadership itself is taking a political course towards rapprochement with Europe and the United States. Starts the process of democratization and liberalization. The article shows the methods of creating the Libyan opposition movement. An example of the participation of Washington, in the defense of an oppositionist who openly criticizes the ruling regime, is given. The actions of the "West" to misinform the Libyan leadership regarding hostile intentions towards Libya are shown. The process of liberalization, the actions of foreign experts and funds, their impact on the country's economy are analyzed. The organizational measures of representatives of Western countries and high-ranking Libyan officials are considered. Conclusions are presented on the completion of political preparations for military intervention.
Key words: Libya, Gaddafi, NATO, intervention, politics.
 
Ternovaya L.O.
The meanings of ergonyms in international relations
The article raises the problem of naming international associations, the history of which is counted from the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine, created in 1815. Since then, the international political vocabulary has been filled with terms reflecting the different depths and different directions of the participants' interaction. Often the name very accurately conveys the purpose that the founders of a particular organization saw when they founded it. But it happens that the ergonym only camouflages the true purpose of the structure.
Key words: history, onomastics, terminology, international relations, international organizations, ergonyms.
 
 
 
Authors
Bocharov V.Y., Director of the Microfilming Laboratory. Moscow Regional Archive Center.
Dolakova M.M., PhD in History, Department of Anthropology and Ethnography, Kazan Federal University.
Dolgenko A.N., Chief of the Department for Russian and Foreign Languages Doctor of Philology, Docent Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
Dronov M.V., Officer of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Gribanova G.I., Doctor of Sciences in Sociology, Professor, Head of the International Political Processes Department, Saint Petersburg State University.
Gorokhov V.M., Independent researcher, Elder of the Russian community, Military Academy of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Kolupaev D.V., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department Law and Political Science of the Altai State Technical University named after I.I. Polzunov.
Kosyreva M.S., Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages Candidate of Science in Philology, Docent. Novosibirsk Military Order of Zhukov Institute of Troops of the National Guard.
Kurkov V.V., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of History of the K.E. Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State University.
Suzdaleva T.R., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).
Vasiliev F.M., Student of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Yudin V.I., Doctor of Political Sciences.